Initial and subsequent hospital costs of firearm injuries

Garen J Wintemute, M. A. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To provide economic, epidemiologic, and clinical data on initial and subsequent hospitalizations for firearm injuries. Design: Nonconcurrent prospective study; data obtained by medical records review. Setting: Public university teaching hospital, designated a level I trauma center. Subjects: Two hundred fifty persons first hospitalized for firearm injuries at UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, between January 1, 1984, and June 30, 1985, and followed by medical records review to June 30, 1989. Results: The aggregate hospital charge for 250 firearm injuries, exclusive of professional fees, was $3,745,496, of which 80% was borne directly or indirectly by public funds. The charge for initial hospitalizations was $3,297,506. Mean and median initial charges per case were $13,190 and $5,996 respectively; range, $787-$494,152. The five patients with charges over $100,000 accounted for 33% of all charges; 36% of all patient days were attributable to the eight patients with hospitalizations lasting more than 30 days. Thirty-one patients were rehospitalized a total of 71 times; charges for rehospitalization totaled $447,990. Three fourths of all charges resulted from handgun injuries. Conclusions: The costs for hospital treatment of firearm injuries are substantial. Avoiding prolonged hospitalization may be helpful in controlling these costs, but will be difficult to achieve. Primary prevention of firearm injuries may be the most effective cost-control measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-560
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma
Volume33
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992

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Hospital Costs
Firearms
Wounds and Injuries
Hospitalization
Medical Records
Hospital Charges
Costs and Cost Analysis
Fees and Charges
Cost Control
Trauma Centers
Public Hospitals
Financial Management
Primary Prevention
Teaching Hospitals
Health Care Costs
Economics
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Initial and subsequent hospital costs of firearm injuries. / Wintemute, Garen J; Wright, M. A.

In: Journal of Trauma, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1992, p. 556-560.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wintemute, Garen J ; Wright, M. A. / Initial and subsequent hospital costs of firearm injuries. In: Journal of Trauma. 1992 ; Vol. 33, No. 4. pp. 556-560.
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