High-affinity, high-specificity RNA ligands for reverse transcriptase from feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) were isolated from an RNA library by the SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential enrichment) procedure. The selected RNA ligands bound to FIV reverse transcriptase with dissociation constants in the nanomolar range. One of the ligands was a potent inhibitor of the RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity of both the recombinant and the virion-derived FIV reverse transcriptase. It also inhibited the reverse transcriptase from an FIV mutant that is resistant to 3'-azido-3'- deoxythymidine (AZT). The inhibition of FIV reverse transcriptase was competitive with respect to template-primer and noncompetitive with respect to deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates. This ligand was specific for the FIV enzyme and did not inhibit other reverse transcriptases tested (avian myeloblastosis virus, Moloney murine leukemia virus, and human immunodeficiency virus type I).
ASJC Scopus subject areas