Inhibition of tumor promoter-induced transformation by retinoids that transrepress AP-1 without transactivating retinoic acid response element

Jian-Jian Li, Zigang Dong, Marcia I. Dawson, Nancy H. Colburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Both retinoic acid (RA) treatment and dominant-negative c-Jun mutant expression effectively inhibit phorbol ester-induced AP-1 activity and induced neoplastic transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 cells. However, both reagents also target non-AP-1 molecules in addition. Because liganded retinoic acid receptors interact with and transactivate RA response elements (RAREs) on DNA, as well as interact with Jun protein to block AP-1 activity, the question arises as to which of these two activities of retinoids is responsible for antitumor-promoting activity. To address this question we generated JB6 promotion-sensitive (P+) cell lines that are stably transfected with a construct containing the collagenase promoter bearing one AP-1-binding site that drives a luciferase reporter gene. The stable collagenase-luciferase-transfected cell lines showed 1,5-3.5-fold enhanced AP-1 activity when treated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Up to 90% of TPA-induced AP-1 activity was blocked by retinoids SR11238, SR11302, or trans-RA, but not by retinoid SR11235. Of these retinoids, only RA and SR11235 were able to transactivate RARE-dependent gene expression. Transrepression of TPA-induced AP-1 and transactivation of RARE by RA, SR11238, and SR11302 were concentration dependent at 10-10 to 10-6 M retinoid. When tested for activity in inhibiting tumor promoter-induced transformation in JB6 P+ cells, the retinoids specific for AP-1 transrepression were inhibitory, whereas SR11235, which only activated RARE, showed little effect. We thus conclude that the AP-1-blocking activity of retinoids is likely to be responsible for the antitumor-promoting activity. This result, together with the observation that dominant-negative Jun blocks transformation, argues for a requirement of induced AP-1 in the tumor promoter-induced transformation process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume56
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Transcription Factor AP-1
Retinoids
Response Elements
Tretinoin
Carcinogens
Collagenases
Luciferases
Acetates
Cell Line
Retinoic Acid Receptors
Phorbol Esters
Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
Reporter Genes
Transcriptional Activation
Binding Sites
Gene Expression
DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Inhibition of tumor promoter-induced transformation by retinoids that transrepress AP-1 without transactivating retinoic acid response element. / Li, Jian-Jian; Dong, Zigang; Dawson, Marcia I.; Colburn, Nancy H.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 56, No. 3, 01.02.1996, p. 483-489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Inhibition of tumor promoter-induced transformation by retinoids that transrepress AP-1 without transactivating retinoic acid response element",
abstract = "Both retinoic acid (RA) treatment and dominant-negative c-Jun mutant expression effectively inhibit phorbol ester-induced AP-1 activity and induced neoplastic transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 cells. However, both reagents also target non-AP-1 molecules in addition. Because liganded retinoic acid receptors interact with and transactivate RA response elements (RAREs) on DNA, as well as interact with Jun protein to block AP-1 activity, the question arises as to which of these two activities of retinoids is responsible for antitumor-promoting activity. To address this question we generated JB6 promotion-sensitive (P+) cell lines that are stably transfected with a construct containing the collagenase promoter bearing one AP-1-binding site that drives a luciferase reporter gene. The stable collagenase-luciferase-transfected cell lines showed 1,5-3.5-fold enhanced AP-1 activity when treated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Up to 90{\%} of TPA-induced AP-1 activity was blocked by retinoids SR11238, SR11302, or trans-RA, but not by retinoid SR11235. Of these retinoids, only RA and SR11235 were able to transactivate RARE-dependent gene expression. Transrepression of TPA-induced AP-1 and transactivation of RARE by RA, SR11238, and SR11302 were concentration dependent at 10-10 to 10-6 M retinoid. When tested for activity in inhibiting tumor promoter-induced transformation in JB6 P+ cells, the retinoids specific for AP-1 transrepression were inhibitory, whereas SR11235, which only activated RARE, showed little effect. We thus conclude that the AP-1-blocking activity of retinoids is likely to be responsible for the antitumor-promoting activity. This result, together with the observation that dominant-negative Jun blocks transformation, argues for a requirement of induced AP-1 in the tumor promoter-induced transformation process.",
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AB - Both retinoic acid (RA) treatment and dominant-negative c-Jun mutant expression effectively inhibit phorbol ester-induced AP-1 activity and induced neoplastic transformation in mouse epidermal JB6 cells. However, both reagents also target non-AP-1 molecules in addition. Because liganded retinoic acid receptors interact with and transactivate RA response elements (RAREs) on DNA, as well as interact with Jun protein to block AP-1 activity, the question arises as to which of these two activities of retinoids is responsible for antitumor-promoting activity. To address this question we generated JB6 promotion-sensitive (P+) cell lines that are stably transfected with a construct containing the collagenase promoter bearing one AP-1-binding site that drives a luciferase reporter gene. The stable collagenase-luciferase-transfected cell lines showed 1,5-3.5-fold enhanced AP-1 activity when treated with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Up to 90% of TPA-induced AP-1 activity was blocked by retinoids SR11238, SR11302, or trans-RA, but not by retinoid SR11235. Of these retinoids, only RA and SR11235 were able to transactivate RARE-dependent gene expression. Transrepression of TPA-induced AP-1 and transactivation of RARE by RA, SR11238, and SR11302 were concentration dependent at 10-10 to 10-6 M retinoid. When tested for activity in inhibiting tumor promoter-induced transformation in JB6 P+ cells, the retinoids specific for AP-1 transrepression were inhibitory, whereas SR11235, which only activated RARE, showed little effect. We thus conclude that the AP-1-blocking activity of retinoids is likely to be responsible for the antitumor-promoting activity. This result, together with the observation that dominant-negative Jun blocks transformation, argues for a requirement of induced AP-1 in the tumor promoter-induced transformation process.

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