In our previous studies, it was shown that protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors, radicicol and herbimycin A, inhibit the expression of the mitogen-inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and proinflammatory cytokines. Radicicol and herbimycin A possess polarized double bonds which can conjugate sulphydryl groups of proteins. Parthenolide, the predominant sesquiterpene lactone in European feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium), contains α-methylene-gamma-lactone (MGL) and an epoxide in its structure. These moieties can interact with biological nucleophiles such as a sulfhydryl group. Parthenolide inhibited the expression of COX-2 and proinflammatory cytokines (TNFα and IL-1) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages. The structure-function relationship indicates that the MGL moiety confers the inhibitory effect. Parthenolide suppressed LPS-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation in the murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7). This suppression was correlated with its inhibitory effect on the expression of COX-2 and the cytokines. Among tyrosine phosphorylated proteins, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) exhibited the most dramatic inhibition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 24 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology