Inhibition of smooth muscle proliferation by urea-based alkanoic acids via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α-dependent repression of cyclin D1

Valerie Y. Ng, Christophe Morisseau, John R. Falck, Bruce D. Hammock, Deanna L. Kroetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Proliferation of smooth muscle cells is implicated in cardiovascular complications. Previously, a urea-based soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor was shown to attenuate smooth muscle cell proliferation. We examined the possibility that urea-based alkanoic acids activate the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and the role of PPARα in smooth muscle cell proliferation. METHODS AND RESULTS - Alkanoic acids transactivated PPARα, induced binding of PPARα to its response element, and significantly induced the expression of PPARα-responsive genes, showing their function as PPARα agonists. Furthermore, the alkanoic acids attenuated platelet-derived growth factor-induced smooth muscle cell proliferation via repression of cyclin D1 expression. Using small interfering RNA to decrease endogenous PPARα expression, it was determined that PPARα was partially involved in the cyclin D1 repression. The antiproliferative effects of alkanoic acids may also be attributed to their inhibitory effects on soluble epoxide hydrolase, because epoxyeicosatrienoic acids alone inhibited smooth muscle cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS - These results show that attenuation of smooth muscle cell proliferation by urea-based alkanoic acids is mediated, in part, by the activation of PPARα. These acids may be useful for designing therapeutics to treat diseases characterized by excessive smooth muscle cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2462-2468
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids
  • PPARα
  • Proliferation
  • Smooth muscle cells
  • Soluble expoxide hydrolase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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