Inhibition of perilipin 2 expression reduces pro-inflammatory gene expression and increases lipid droplet size

Jennifer E. Norman, Hnin H. Aung, Dennis W Wilson, John C Rutledge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our lab previously demonstrated that triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TGRL) lipolysis products induce lipid droplet formation and pro-inflammatory gene expression in monocytes. We hypothesized that the inhibition of perilipin 2 expression in THP-1 monocytes would reduce lipid droplet formation and suppress pro-inflammatory gene expression induced by TGRL lipolysis products. In the current study, we use microarray analysis to identify gene expression altered by TGRL lipolysis products in THP-1 monocytes. We confirmed the expression of selected genes by quantitative reverse transcription PCR and characterized lipid droplet formation in these cells after exposure to TGRL lipolysis products. Using siRNA inhibition of perilipin 2 expression, we examined the role of perilipin 2 in the response of THP-1 monocytes to TGRL lipolysis products. We found that perilipin 2 siRNA increased the intracellular triglyceride content, increased the size of lipid droplets, and reduced pro-atherogenic and pro-inflammatory gene expression. We saw a reduction of serum/glucocorticoid kinase 1, v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog F (avian), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3, and interleukin 8 gene expression induced by TGRL lipolysis products. This study supports previous findings that reduction of perilipin 2 expression is protective against atherogenesis, while finding an unexpected increase in lipid droplet size with reduced perilipin 2 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6245-6256
Number of pages12
JournalFood & function
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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