Inhibition of PDC-E2 human combinatorial autoantibodies by peptide mimotopes

Patrick S Leung, Sanghoon Cha, Ruth E. Joplin, Claudio Galperin, Judith A Van de Water, Aftab A. Ansari, Ross L. Coppel, Peter J. Schatz, Steve Cwirla, Luca E. Fabris, James M. Neuberger, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immunohistochemical studies have shown that a unique immunoreactive molecule is present near the apical region of human biliary epithelial (BE) cells in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). This can be visualized by confocal microscopy in PBC livers using a number of unique monoclonal antibodies to the E2 component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2), the autoantigen most commonly recognized by antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA). One such antibody, the murine mAb C355.1 was used to identify peptide mimotopes of PDC-E2 by screening a random dodecapeptide phage library ON 159.2 to identify the possible biochemical nature of this apical staining molecule. Out of 36 independent clones, 29 showed a common sequence and seven other sequences were singly represented. Three common amino acid motifs (SYP, TYVS and VRH) were found among these eight sequences. Similar to C355.1, the human combinatorial antibodies derived from a patient with PBC, SP1 and SP4, recognize the inner lipoyl domain of PDC-E2. However, when these antibodies are used to stain PBC BE cells, SP4 stains the apical region of PBC BE cells with high intensity whereas SP1 produces only cytoplasmic staining. Competitive inhibition of immunohistochemical staining using PDC-E2 specific human combinatorial antibodies SP1 and SP4 was performed using five of the above dodecapeptides. Interestingly, the peptides selected with C355.1 differentially inhibited the binding of SP1 and SP4 to PBC BE cells. Finally, rabbit sera raised against one such peptide (WMSYPDRTLRTS) stained BE cells from patients with PBC with a higher intensity than controls. Comparable data was obtained with immunoelectron-microscopy. These data suggest that a molecular mimic of PDC-E2 is present at the external aspect of PBC BE cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1996

Keywords

  • bile duct epithelials
  • molecular mimicry
  • monoclonal antibodies
  • primary biliary cirrhosis
  • random peptide library
  • selective inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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    Leung, P. S., Cha, S., Joplin, R. E., Galperin, C., Van de Water, J. A., Ansari, A. A., Coppel, R. L., Schatz, P. J., Cwirla, S., Fabris, L. E., Neuberger, J. M., & Gershwin, M. E. (1996). Inhibition of PDC-E2 human combinatorial autoantibodies by peptide mimotopes. Journal of Autoimmunity, 9(6), 785-793. https://doi.org/10.1006/jaut.1996.0101