Inhibition of bombesin-stimulated acid secretion by immunoneutralization of gastrin in dogs

T. O G Kovacs, Kevin C K Lloyd, H. Wong, J. H. Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bombesin-like peptides stimulate gastrin release and gastric acid secretion. The increase in gastric acid output is thought to be secondary to gastrin release. A monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed specifically to gastrin (MAb 28.2) was used to study the role of circulating gastrin in the regulation of bombesin-stimulated acid secretion in dogs. Seven conscious, fasted dogs with gastric fistulas received intravenous bombesin infusions in fourfold increasing doses from 200 to 3,200 pmol · kg-1 · h-1. Each dose was given for 45 min. On separate days, dogs were pretreated with an intravenous infusion of 7 mg of MAb 28.2 or vehicle (0.1% canine serum albumin). Samples of gastric effluent were collected by gravity drainage through the gastric fistula, and acid output was measured by titration of gastric effluent to pH 7.0, using 0.2 N NaOH. Plasma gastrin concentrations were determined by radioimmunoassay. Bombesin infusion produced dose- dependent increases in plasma gastrin concentrations and gastric acid output. Administration of gastrin MAb 28.2 abolished bombesin-stimulated gastric acid output. Immunoneutralization of circulating gastrin in vivo using a gastrin monoclonal antibody in dogs indicates that the acid stimulatory response to bombesin is mediated by gastrin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume268
Issue number1 31-1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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