Inhibition of allergen-induced dermal eosinophilia by an oxoeicosanoid receptor antagonist in non-human primates

Lisa A. Miller, Chantal Cossette, Shishir Chourey, Qiuji Ye, Chintam Nagendra Reddy, Joshua Rokach, William S. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: 5-Oxo-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE), acting via the OXE receptor, is unique among 5-lipoxygenase products in its ability to directly induce human eosinophil migration, suggesting its involvement in eosinophilic diseases. To address this hypothesis, we synthesized selective indole-based OXE receptor antagonists. Because rodents lack an OXE receptor orthologue, we sought to determine whether these antagonists could attenuate allergen-induced skin eosinophilia in sensitized monkeys. Experimental Approach: In a pilot study, cynomolgus monkeys with environmentally acquired sensitivity to Ascaris suum were treated orally with the “first-generation” OXE antagonist 230 prior to intradermal injection of 5-oxo-ETE or Ascaris extract. Eosinophils were evaluated in punch biopsy samples taken 6 or 24 hr later. We subsequently treated captive-bred rhesus monkeys sensitized to house dust mite (HDM) allergen with a more recently developed OXE antagonist, S-Y048, and evaluated its effects on dermal eosinophilia induced by either 5-oxo-ETE or HDM. Key Results: In a pilot experiment, both 5-oxo-ETE and Ascaris extract induced dermal eosinophilia in cynomolgus monkeys, which appeared to be reduced by 230. Subsequently, we found that the related OXE antagonist S-Y048 is a highly potent inhibitor of 5-oxo-ETE-induced activation of rhesus monkey eosinophils in vitro and has a half-life in plasma of about 6 hr after oral administration. S-Y048 significantly inhibited eosinophil infiltration into the skin in response to both intradermally administered 5-oxo-ETE and HDM. Conclusions and Implications: 5-Oxo-ETE may play an important role in allergen-induced eosinophilia. Blocking its effects with S-Y048 may provide a novel therapeutic approach for eosinophilic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-371
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume177
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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