It is estimated that up to 2% of renal cell cancer (RCC) clusters in families. Several forms of hereditary RCC have been characterized with specific clinical, histopathological, and genetic features. The most common of these is von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease caused by mutations in the VHL gene and predisposing to clear cell RCC. Predisposition to papillary RCC is present in hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) and hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma (HPRC). Identification of the genetic defects causing these diseases has enlightened the molecular pathogenesis of RCC, and moreover, provided means to improve patient management. Genetic testing enables early diagnosis of the disease, after which individuals at-risk can be guided to regular surveillance. Screening facilitates detection of presymptomatic early tumors broadening treatment options and potentially improving prognosis. Thus, identification of individuals with inherited cancer susceptibility is important as special management of these patients improves disease outcome. The purpose of this review is to provide clues for identification and management of hereditary renal cancer patients in clinical practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Surgery|
|State||Published - 2004|
- Renal cell cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas