Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress

Chelsea M. Rochman, Eunha Hoh, Tomofumi Kurobe, Swee J Teh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

421 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plastic debris litters aquatic habitats globally, the majority of which is microscopic (< 1â€...mm), and is ingested by a large range of species. Risks associated with such small fragments come from the material itself and from chemical pollutants that sorb to it from surrounding water. Hazards associated with the complex mixture of plastic and accumulated pollutants are largely unknown. Here, we show that fish, exposed to a mixture of polyethylene with chemical pollutants sorbed from the marine environment, bioaccumulate these chemical pollutants and suffer liver toxicity and pathology. Fish fed virgin polyethylene fragments also show signs of stress, although less severe than fish fed marine polyethylene fragments. We provide baseline information regarding the bioaccumulation of chemicals and associated health effects from plastic ingestion in fish and demonstrate that future assessments should consider the complex mixture of the plastic material and their associated chemical pollutants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3263
JournalScientific Reports
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hazardous Substances
Plastics
Fishes
Polyethylene
Liver
Complex Mixtures
Ecosystem
Eating
Pathology
Water
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress. / Rochman, Chelsea M.; Hoh, Eunha; Kurobe, Tomofumi; Teh, Swee J.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, 3263, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1f6d9756de4a4ccda562bed8d0e7d937,
title = "Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress",
abstract = "Plastic debris litters aquatic habitats globally, the majority of which is microscopic (< 1{\^a}€...mm), and is ingested by a large range of species. Risks associated with such small fragments come from the material itself and from chemical pollutants that sorb to it from surrounding water. Hazards associated with the complex mixture of plastic and accumulated pollutants are largely unknown. Here, we show that fish, exposed to a mixture of polyethylene with chemical pollutants sorbed from the marine environment, bioaccumulate these chemical pollutants and suffer liver toxicity and pathology. Fish fed virgin polyethylene fragments also show signs of stress, although less severe than fish fed marine polyethylene fragments. We provide baseline information regarding the bioaccumulation of chemicals and associated health effects from plastic ingestion in fish and demonstrate that future assessments should consider the complex mixture of the plastic material and their associated chemical pollutants.",
author = "Rochman, {Chelsea M.} and Eunha Hoh and Tomofumi Kurobe and Teh, {Swee J}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1038/srep03263",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress

AU - Rochman, Chelsea M.

AU - Hoh, Eunha

AU - Kurobe, Tomofumi

AU - Teh, Swee J

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Plastic debris litters aquatic habitats globally, the majority of which is microscopic (< 1â€...mm), and is ingested by a large range of species. Risks associated with such small fragments come from the material itself and from chemical pollutants that sorb to it from surrounding water. Hazards associated with the complex mixture of plastic and accumulated pollutants are largely unknown. Here, we show that fish, exposed to a mixture of polyethylene with chemical pollutants sorbed from the marine environment, bioaccumulate these chemical pollutants and suffer liver toxicity and pathology. Fish fed virgin polyethylene fragments also show signs of stress, although less severe than fish fed marine polyethylene fragments. We provide baseline information regarding the bioaccumulation of chemicals and associated health effects from plastic ingestion in fish and demonstrate that future assessments should consider the complex mixture of the plastic material and their associated chemical pollutants.

AB - Plastic debris litters aquatic habitats globally, the majority of which is microscopic (< 1â€...mm), and is ingested by a large range of species. Risks associated with such small fragments come from the material itself and from chemical pollutants that sorb to it from surrounding water. Hazards associated with the complex mixture of plastic and accumulated pollutants are largely unknown. Here, we show that fish, exposed to a mixture of polyethylene with chemical pollutants sorbed from the marine environment, bioaccumulate these chemical pollutants and suffer liver toxicity and pathology. Fish fed virgin polyethylene fragments also show signs of stress, although less severe than fish fed marine polyethylene fragments. We provide baseline information regarding the bioaccumulation of chemicals and associated health effects from plastic ingestion in fish and demonstrate that future assessments should consider the complex mixture of the plastic material and their associated chemical pollutants.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888340608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888340608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/srep03263

DO - 10.1038/srep03263

M3 - Article

C2 - 24263561

AN - SCOPUS:84888340608

VL - 3

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

M1 - 3263

ER -