Influence of zinc deficiency on cell-membrane fluidity in Jurkat, 3T3 and IMR-32 cells

Sandra V. Verstraeten, M. Paola Zago, Gerardo Mackenzie, Carl L Keen, Patricia I. Oteiza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated whether zinc deficiency can affect plasma membrane rheology. Three cell lines, human leukaemia T-cells (Jurkat), rat fibroblasts (3T3) and human neuroblastoma cells (IMR-32), were cultured for 48 h in control medium, in zinc-deficient medium (1.5 μM zinc; 1.5 Zn), or in the zinc-deficient medium supplemented with 15 μM zinc (15 Zn). The number of viable cells was lower in the 1.5 Zn group than in the control and 15 Zn groups. The frequency of apoptosis was higher in the 1.5 Zn group than in the control and 15 Zn groups. Membrane fluidity was evaluated using the 6-(9-anthroyloxy) stearic acid and 16-(9-anthroyloxy)palmitic acid probes. Membrane fluidity was higher in 1.5 Zn cells than in the control cells; no differences were observed between control cells and 15 Zn cells. The effect of zinc deficiency on membrane fluidity at the water/lipid interface was associated with a higher phosphatidylserine externalization. The higher membrane fluidity in the hydrophobic region of the bilayer was correlated with a lower content of arachidonic acid. We suggest that the increased fluidity of the membrane secondary to zinc deficiency is in part due to a decrease in arachidonic acid content and the apoptosis-related changes in phosphatidylserine distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-587
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume378
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Phosphatidylserine
  • Zinc
  • Zinc deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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