Influence of insulin-like growth factor-I and its interaction with gonadotropins, estradiol, and fetal calf serum on in vitro maturation and parthenogenic development in equine oocytes

G. Carneiro, P. Lorenzo, C. Pimentel, L. Pegoraro, M. Bertolini, B. Ball, G. Anderson, Irwin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its interaction with gonadotropins, estradiol, and fetal calf serum (FCS) on in vitro maturation (IVM) of equine oocytes were investigated in this study. We also examined the role of IGF-I in the presence or absence of gonadotropins, estradiol, and FCS in parthenogenic cleavage after oocyte activation with calcium ionophore combined with 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP), using cleavage rate as a measure of cytoplasmic maturation. Only equine cumulus-oocyte complexes with compact cumulus and homogenous ooplasm (n = 817) were used. In experiment 1, oocytes were cultured in TCM-199 supplemented with BSA, antibiotics, and IGF-I at 0 (control), 50, 100, 200 ng/ml, at 39°C in air with 5% CO2, 95% humidity for 36 or 48 h. In experiment 2, oocytes were cultured with FSH, LH, estradiol, and FCS with IGF-I at the concentration that promoted the highest nuclear maturation rate in experiment 1. In experiment 3, oocytes from the three experimental groups (IGF-I; hormones; and IGF-I + hormones) were chemically activated by exposure to calcium ionophore followed by culture in 6-DMAP. In experiment 1, IGF-I stimulated equine oocyte maturation in a dose-dependent manner with the highest nuclear maturation rate at a concentration of 200 ng/ml. No significant effect of IGF-I on nuclear maturation was observed in experiment 2. In experiment 3, a significant difference in cleavage rate was observed between the hormone + IGF-I group (15 of 33; 45.4%) compared with IGF-I (10 of 36; 27.8%) and hormone (4 of 31; 12.9%) alone (P < 0.05). These results demonstrated that IGF-I has a positive effect on nuclear maturation rate of equine oocytes in vitro. The addition of IGF-I to an IVM medium containing hormones and FCS did not increase nuclear maturation, but resulted in a positive effect on cytoplasmic maturation of equine oocytes measured by parthenogenic cleavage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-905
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Developmental biology
  • Early development
  • Growth factors
  • Insulin-like growth factor receptor
  • Oocyte development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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