Influence of flavan-3-ols and procyanidins on UVC-mediated formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine in isolated DNA

Javier I. Ottaviani, Fernando Carrasquedo, Carl L Keen, Sheryl A. Lazarus, Harold H. Schmitz, Cesar G. Fraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The flavan-3-ols (-)-epicatechin (epicatechin) and (+)-catechin (catechin) and their related oligomers (procyanidins) isolated from cocoa were assayed for their capacity to inhibit the UVC-mediated formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2′-deoxyguanosine (oxo8dG) in calf thymus DNA. The above-mentioned compounds inhibited oxo8dG production in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. After 30 min of irradiation (30 kJ/m2), 0.1, 1.0, 10, and 100 μM epicatechin inhibited oxo8dG formation by 20, 36, 64, and 74%, respectively. For the same dose of UVC, 0.1, 1.0, 10, and 100 μM catechin inhibited oxo8dG formation by 1, 23, 50, and 70%, respectively. Epicatechin was more efficient than catechin with respect to inhibiting oxo8dG formation (IC50 1.7 ± 0.7 vs 4.0 ± 0.7 μM). Monomer, tetramer, and hexamer fractions were equally effective in inhibiting oxo8dG formation when assayed at 10 μM monomer equivalent concentration. At similar concentrations (1-50 μM), the inhibition of the UVC-mediated oxo8dG formation by flavan-3-ols and procyanidins was in the range of that of α-tocopherol, Trolox, ascorbate, and glutathione. These results support the concept that flavan-3-ols and their related procyanidins can protect DNA from oxidation at concentrations that can be physiologically relevant. Both epimerism and degree of oligomerization are important determinants of the antioxidant activity of flavan-3-ols and procyanidins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-208
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume406
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cocoa
  • Flavan-3-ols
  • Flavonoids
  • Mutation
  • Polyphenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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