Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has been reported to promote different functions in mammalian ovaries, including oocyte maturation. The aim of the present study was to establish: that EGF influences oocyte maturation in ovine and equine, that a tyrosine kinase-dependent intracellular mechanism mediates EGF effect and, that EGF-R receptor is detectable in ovarian follicles by immunohistochemistry methods. Selected ovine and equine oocytes were aspirated from 2-5 mm (ovine) or 25 mm (equine) follicles and cultured in TCM 199 for 22 (ovine) or 36 hours (equine). They are then subjected to culture with EGF and two specific tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs, tyrphostins A-23 y A-47). Maturation was determined as the percentage of oocytes at metaphase II stage after culture. Treatments with EGF significantly increased incidences of metaphase II stage compared to controls (86.2% vs. 55% and 70.4% vs. 22.5% in ovine and equine oocytes, respectively). Tyrphostins A-23 and A-47 were effective in suppressing EGF-effect on oocytes. EGF-receptor was local-ized in follicles, being more prominent in cumulus and granulosa cells. These results confirm that EGF has a physiological role in the regulation of oocyte maturation via tyrosine-kinase pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 2001|
- Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas