To investigate the influence of fatty acid geometric isomers on the growth and experimental metastasis of mammary tumors, mice were fed diets containing fat high in either cis or trans fatty acids. The cis fat was prepared to have a fatty acid composition similar to that of the trans fat; both were provided at 5 or 20% (by weight) of the diet. Line 168 mammary tumor cells were transplanted: 1) subcutaneously into female BALB/c mice to observe the effects of dietary fat on latency and local tumor growth, and 2) intravenously to observe influences on experimental metastasis. No differences in the latency or rate of primary tumor growth were observed among the groups fed the diets containing cis or trans fatty acids. In addition, there were no differences in fatty acid composition except the levels of trans-C18:1 in the primary tumor cells among the groups fed the experimental diets. Livers and spleens from animals fed both the 5 and 20% cis diet contained significantly more viable radiolabeled tumor cells than those fed the trans diets. Although body weight and composition were not significantly different among the groups, livers from animals fed the diets containing trans fatty acids were significantly heavier than those fed diets containing only cis fatty acids. Thus, trans fatty acids behaved similarly to cis fatty acids with respect to promotion of transplantable mammary tumor growth but trans fatty acids were less effective than cis fatty acids in promoting the blood-borne implantation and distant survival of the tumor cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Nutrition|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Food Science