Inflammation, oxidative stress, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in adults with cystic fibrosis

Elizabeth J. Reverri, Brian M Morrissey, Carroll E Cross, Francene M. Steinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) represents one of a number of localized lung and non-lung diseases with an intense chronic inflammatory component associated with evidence of systemic oxidative stress. Many of these chronic inflammatory diseases are accompanied by an array of atherosclerotic processes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), another condition strongly related to inflammation and oxidative stress. As a consequence of a dramatic increase in long-lived patients with CF in recent decades, the specter of CVD must be considered in these patients who are now reaching middle age and beyond. Buttressed by recent data documenting that CF patients exhibit evidence of endothelial dysfunction, a recognized precursor of atherosclerosis and CVD, the spectrum of risk factors for CVD in CF is reviewed here. Epidemiological data further characterizing the presence and extent of atherogenic processes in CF patients would seem important to obtain. Such studies should further inform and offer mechanistic insights into how other chronic inflammatory diseases potentiate the processes leading to CVDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-277
Number of pages17
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume76
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular disease risk factors
  • Cystic fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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