Infectious agents and xenobiotics in the etiology of primary biliary cirrhosis

Carlo F Selmi, Maria De Santis, Francesca Cavaciocchi, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)is a chronic autoimmune cholestatic liver disease that manifests a latitudinal gradient in prevalence and incidence. The mechanisms leading to the initiation and perpetuation of PBC remain largely enigmatic, although it is established that a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental stimulation is required. PBC is also characterized by a high concordance rate in monozygotic twins and is considered a model autoimmune disease because of several features common to other conditions and the relatively homogeneous serological and biochemical features. From a diagnostic standpoint, PBC is characterized by the highest specificity of serum autoantibodies directed at mitochondrial proteins. Several risk factors have been suggested to be associated with PBC, including exposure to infectious agents and chemical xenobiotics that will be critically discussed in the present review article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalDisease Markers
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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