Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast- feeding success: An analytical overview

R. Perez-Escamilla, E. Pollitt, B. Lonnerdal, K. G. Dewey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of this review is to examine the plausibility of a causal relationship between maternity ward practices and lactation success. Methods. Studies were located with MEDLINE, from our personal files, and by contacting researchers working in this field. Of the 65 studies originally reviewed, 18 met our inclusion criteria (i.e., hospital-based intervention, experimental design with randomization procedures, or quasi-experimental design with adequate documentation). Results. Meta-analysis indicated that commercial discharge packs had an adverse effect on lactation performance. The impact of early mother-infant contact on lactation success was unclear. Rooming-in and breast-feeding guidance in a rooming-in context had a beneficial impact on breast-feeding among primiparae. Breast-feeding on demand was positively associated with lactation success. In-hospital formula supplementation of 48 mL per day was not associated with poor breast-feeding performance. Conclusions. Hospital-based breast-feeding interventions can have a beneficial effect on lactation success, particularly among primiparous women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume84
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Breast Feeding
Lactation
Research Design
Random Allocation
MEDLINE
Documentation
Meta-Analysis
Mothers
Research Personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast- feeding success : An analytical overview. / Perez-Escamilla, R.; Pollitt, E.; Lonnerdal, B.; Dewey, K. G.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84, No. 1, 1994, p. 89-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perez-Escamilla, R. ; Pollitt, E. ; Lonnerdal, B. ; Dewey, K. G. / Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast- feeding success : An analytical overview. In: American Journal of Public Health. 1994 ; Vol. 84, No. 1. pp. 89-97.
@article{4492ccfb077f4fbfb7c4a044432fa80f,
title = "Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast- feeding success: An analytical overview",
abstract = "Objectives. The purpose of this review is to examine the plausibility of a causal relationship between maternity ward practices and lactation success. Methods. Studies were located with MEDLINE, from our personal files, and by contacting researchers working in this field. Of the 65 studies originally reviewed, 18 met our inclusion criteria (i.e., hospital-based intervention, experimental design with randomization procedures, or quasi-experimental design with adequate documentation). Results. Meta-analysis indicated that commercial discharge packs had an adverse effect on lactation performance. The impact of early mother-infant contact on lactation success was unclear. Rooming-in and breast-feeding guidance in a rooming-in context had a beneficial impact on breast-feeding among primiparae. Breast-feeding on demand was positively associated with lactation success. In-hospital formula supplementation of 48 mL per day was not associated with poor breast-feeding performance. Conclusions. Hospital-based breast-feeding interventions can have a beneficial effect on lactation success, particularly among primiparous women.",
author = "R. Perez-Escamilla and E. Pollitt and B. Lonnerdal and Dewey, {K. G.}",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "84",
pages = "89--97",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infant feeding policies in maternity wards and their effect on breast- feeding success

T2 - An analytical overview

AU - Perez-Escamilla, R.

AU - Pollitt, E.

AU - Lonnerdal, B.

AU - Dewey, K. G.

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Objectives. The purpose of this review is to examine the plausibility of a causal relationship between maternity ward practices and lactation success. Methods. Studies were located with MEDLINE, from our personal files, and by contacting researchers working in this field. Of the 65 studies originally reviewed, 18 met our inclusion criteria (i.e., hospital-based intervention, experimental design with randomization procedures, or quasi-experimental design with adequate documentation). Results. Meta-analysis indicated that commercial discharge packs had an adverse effect on lactation performance. The impact of early mother-infant contact on lactation success was unclear. Rooming-in and breast-feeding guidance in a rooming-in context had a beneficial impact on breast-feeding among primiparae. Breast-feeding on demand was positively associated with lactation success. In-hospital formula supplementation of 48 mL per day was not associated with poor breast-feeding performance. Conclusions. Hospital-based breast-feeding interventions can have a beneficial effect on lactation success, particularly among primiparous women.

AB - Objectives. The purpose of this review is to examine the plausibility of a causal relationship between maternity ward practices and lactation success. Methods. Studies were located with MEDLINE, from our personal files, and by contacting researchers working in this field. Of the 65 studies originally reviewed, 18 met our inclusion criteria (i.e., hospital-based intervention, experimental design with randomization procedures, or quasi-experimental design with adequate documentation). Results. Meta-analysis indicated that commercial discharge packs had an adverse effect on lactation performance. The impact of early mother-infant contact on lactation success was unclear. Rooming-in and breast-feeding guidance in a rooming-in context had a beneficial impact on breast-feeding among primiparae. Breast-feeding on demand was positively associated with lactation success. In-hospital formula supplementation of 48 mL per day was not associated with poor breast-feeding performance. Conclusions. Hospital-based breast-feeding interventions can have a beneficial effect on lactation success, particularly among primiparous women.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028009328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028009328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8279619

AN - SCOPUS:0028009328

VL - 84

SP - 89

EP - 97

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 1

ER -