Induction of protection in mice against a chlamydia muridarum respiratory challenge by a vaccine formulated with the major outer membrane protein in nanolipoprotein particles

Delia F. Tifrea, Wei He, Sukumar Pal, Angela C. Evans, Sean F. Gilmore, Nicholas O. Fischer, Amy Rasley, Matthew A. Coleman, Luis M. de la Maza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chlamydia trachomatis is a sexually transmitted bacterium that infects over 130 million individuals worldwide annually. To implement a vaccine, we developed a cell-free co-translational system to express the Chlamydia muridarum major outer membrane protein (MOMP). This approach uses a nanolipoprotein particles (tNLP) made from ApoA1 protein, amphiphilic telodendrimer and lipids that self-assemble to form 10–25 nm discs. These tNLP provide a protein-encapsulated lipid support to solubilize and fold membrane proteins. The cell-free system co-translated MOMP and ApoA1 in the presence of telodendrimer mixed with lipids. The MOMP-tNLP complex was amenable to CpG and FSL-1 adjuvant addition. To investigate the ability of MOMP-tNLP+CpG+FSL-1 to induce protection against an intranasal (i.n.) C. muridarum challenge, female mice were vaccinated intramuscularly (i.m.) or i.n. and i.m. simultaneously 4 weeks apart. Following vaccination with MOMP-tNLP+CpG+FSL-1, mice mounted significant humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Following the i.n. challenge, mice vaccinated with MOMP-tNLP+CpG+FSL-1 i.n. + i.m. group were protected as determined by the percentage change in body weight and by the number of C. muridarum inclusion forming units (IFU) recovered from the lungs. To our knowledge, this is the first time a MOMP-based vaccine formulated in tNLP has been shown to protect against C. muridarum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number755
JournalVaccines
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Amphipols
  • Chlamydia
  • Immunization
  • Intranasal challenge
  • Major outer membrane protein
  • Mice
  • Nanolipoprotein particles
  • Telodisks
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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