Induction of HIVMN neutralizing antibodies in primates using a prime-boost regimen of hybrid synthetic gp120 envelope peptide

Barton F. Haynes, Jose V Torres, Alphonse J. Langlois, Dani P. Bolognesi, Murray B. Gardner, Thomas J. Palker, Richard M. Scearce, Dawn M. Jones, M. Anthony Moody, Charlene McDanal, Thomas J. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have tested synthetic peptides composed of Th (T1) and V3 loop B cell neutralizing determinants [SP10 MN(A)] of HIVMN gp120 and the fusogenic (F) domain of gp41 as immunogens in rhesus monkeys. After two immunizations with either HIV env peptide T1-SP10 MN(A) or F-T1-SP10 MN(A), rhesus monkey serum neutralization titers against the HIVMN isolate ranged from 1:160 to 1:1400, and in cell-cell syncytium inhibition assay ranged from 1:20 to 1:80. However, in contrast to animals immunized with T1-SP10 MN(A), animals immunized twice with F-T1-SP10MN(A) had no rise in anti-gp120 and neutralizing antibodies with an additional immunization with F-T1-SP10 MN(A) peptide. One of 4 rhesus monkeys (18987) had anti-HIVMN antibodies that cross-neutralized divergent HIV isolates HIVIIIB and HIVRF. Serum from animal 18987 neutralized 5 of 10 HIV isolates tested, and neutralizing activity against HIVIIIB of 18987 serum was absorbed with the conserved gp120 loop V3 sequence IGPGRAF. Anti-HIV neutralizing antibodies were boosted after a 6-mo rest by 500 μ of T1-SP10 MN(A) in 4 of 4 animals previously immunized with T1-SP10 MN(A) and in 2 of 2 animals previously immunized with F-T1-SP10 MN(A). However, immunization after 6-mo rest of animal 18987 with 500 μ of T1-SP10 MN(A) peptide, although boosting anti-HIVMN neutralizing antibodies, selectively did not boost cross-neutralizing anti-HIVIIIB antibodies. Thus, synthetic peptides containing T and B cell epitopes of HIV gp120 can induce high levels of anti-HIVMN neutralizing antibodies in primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1646-1653
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume151
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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