Induction of heat-shock protein (HSP72) in the cingulate and retrosplenial cortex by drugs that antagonize the effects of excitatory amino acids

J. Q. Lan, J. Chen, Frank R Sharp, R. P. Simon, S. H. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

To address the issue of the cytotoxicity of glutamate antagonists, we administered representative agents to rats and used HSP72 immunocytochemistry as a measure of neuronal injury in the brain. The doses studied spanned the reported neuroprotective range for each compound. Some, but not all, glutamate antagonists induce neuronal injury in the brain. The non-competitive NMDA antagonists (MK801 and dextrorphan) demonstrate maximum toxicity. Competitive NMDA antagonists (CGS 19755 and MDL 100,453) may or may not induce neuronal injury depending on the particular compound. The polyamine site (SL 82.0715-10) antagonist does not result in neuronal injury. Cingulate and retrosplenial cortex neurotoxicity is not a ubiquitous feature of neuroprotective agents that block excitotoxcity, but is limited to NMDA antagonists and may depend upon the duration and completeness of the blockade of the NMDA receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-302
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Volume46
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AMPA
  • Excitatory amino acid
  • Heat-shock protein
  • N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)
  • Toxicity
  • Vacuole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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