Induction of fos-like immunoreactivity in hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor neurons after adrenalectomy in the rat

Lauren Jacobson, Frank R Sharp, Mary F. Dallman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Scopus citations

Abstract

To identify brain sites responding to the removal of corticosterone feedback by adrenalectomy (ADX), rat brains were processed for fos immunocytochemistry 1, 3, and 7 days after ADX, sham-ADX, or no surgery using a polyclonal anti-serum to fos residues 132-154. Compared to SHAM, ADX rats exhibited strong fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) only in the parvocellular neurons of the paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei (PVN) 1, 3, and 7 days after surgery. Replacement with a corticosterone pellet at the time of adrenalectomy (ADX + B) prevented this increase in PVN FLI in three of four rats at 1 day, all rats at 3 days, and two of seven rats 7 days after surgery; 100 μg/ml corticosterone in the drinking water for 2 days before perfusion reversed ADX-induced increases in PVN FLI in 7-day ADX rats. Providing 25 μg/ml corticosterone in the drinking water to ADX rats for 5 days after surgery did not prevent expression of PVN FLI, even though this dose has been shown to normalize morning basal ACTH levels in ADX rats. Virtually all parvocellular PVN neurons expressing FLI after ADX costained for CRF. Some parvocellular neurons also expressed both fos and vasopressin. In all rats, many brain regions expressed FLI that was not related to adrenalectomy. We conclude that the changes in neuronal FLI correlate with demonstrated changes in neuroendocrine activity after ADX; however, suppression of ADX-induced FLI may require higher replacement levels of corticosterone than inhibition of ADX-induced ACTH secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1709-1719
Number of pages11
JournalEndocrinology
Volume126
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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