Induction and regulation of juvenile hormone esterases during the last larval instar of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni

Thomas C. Sparks, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile hormone esterase titres were monitored in gate I and gate II last instar larvae of Trichoplusia ni using JH III as substrate. Two peaks of activity were observed for both gate I and gate II larvae, although the first and second juvenile hormone esterase peaks for the gate II larvae are extended and delayed one day, respectively. Head or thoracic ligations before the prepupal stage lower or block the appearance of both esterase peaks. Juvenile hormone I and II, as well as homo and dihomo juvenoids can induce the second juvenile hormone esterase peak in both normal and ligated larvae, and increase the esterase titre during the first peak in nonligated larvae. Induction of the juvenile hormone esterases is possible in non-ligated larvae as soon as the moult to the last instar has occurred and in ligated larvae as soon as the first esterase peak has started to decline. Distinct mechanisms of regulation are present for the first and second juvenile hormone esterase peaks. Juvenile hormone does not appear to be involved in regulating its own metabolism by directly inducing the first esterase peak; however, evidence is consistent with a brief burst of juvenile hormone which occurs prior to pupation inducing the production of the second peak of juvenile hormone esterase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-560
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

Keywords

  • anti-juvenile hormone
  • ecdysone
  • induction-juvenile hormone esterase
  • juvenile hormone
  • juvenile hormone esterase
  • juvenile hormone-regulation
  • juvenoids
  • Trichoplusia ni

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Physiology

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