Incremental value of objective cardiac testing in addition to physician impression and serial contemporary troponin measurements in women

Deborah B. Diercks, Bryn Mumma, W. Frank Peacock, Judd E. Hollander, Basmah Safdar, Simon A. Mahler, Chadwick D. Miller, Francis L. Counselman, Robert Birkhahn, Jon Schrock, Adam J. Singer, John T. Nagurney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives Guidelines recommend that patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain who are at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receive an objective cardiac evaluation with a stress test or coronary imaging. It is uncertain whether all women derive benefit from this process. The study aim was to determine the incremental value of objective cardiac testing after serial cardiac markers and physician risk assessment. Methods Women enrolled in the 18-site Myeloperoxidase in the Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (MIDAS) study had serial troponin I measured at time 0 and 90 minutes and physician risk assessment for the presence of ACS. Risk estimates obtained at the time of ED evaluation were dichotomized as high or non-high risk. The primary outcome was the composite of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or revascularization at 30 days. Logistic regression with receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and net reclassification index were used to determine the diagnostic accuracy for the composite outcome of 30-day MI or revascularization for two models: 1) troponin I results and physician risk assessment alone and 2) troponin I results, physician risk assessment, and objective cardiac testing. Results A total of 460 women with a median age 58 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 48.5 to 68 years) were included, and 32 (6.9%) experienced AMI or revascularization by 30 days. Comparison of the area under the ROC curves (AUC) showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to the combination of troponin I results and physician risk assessment did not significantly improve prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization (AUC = 0.85 vs. 0.89; p = 0.053). Using a threshold of 1%, net reclassification index showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to troponin I results and physician risk assessment worsened the prediction for 30-day AMI and revascularization. All of the reclassified patients were false positives, with nine (2.1%) patients incorrectly reclassified from <1% risk to ≥1% risk of 30-day AMI or revascularization. Conclusions In the era of contemporary troponin assays, objective cardiac testing after an ED clinician risk assessment of non-high risk and negative troponin I results at 0 and 90 minutes does not improve the prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization in women presenting with chest pain or other symptoms of cardiac ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-270
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

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Troponin
Myocardial Revascularization
Troponin I
Physicians
Myocardial Infarction
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Hospital Emergency Service
Chest Pain
Exercise Test
ROC Curve
Peroxidase
Area Under Curve
Ischemia
Logistic Models
Guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Incremental value of objective cardiac testing in addition to physician impression and serial contemporary troponin measurements in women. / Diercks, Deborah B.; Mumma, Bryn; Frank Peacock, W.; Hollander, Judd E.; Safdar, Basmah; Mahler, Simon A.; Miller, Chadwick D.; Counselman, Francis L.; Birkhahn, Robert; Schrock, Jon; Singer, Adam J.; Nagurney, John T.

In: Academic Emergency Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 265-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diercks, DB, Mumma, B, Frank Peacock, W, Hollander, JE, Safdar, B, Mahler, SA, Miller, CD, Counselman, FL, Birkhahn, R, Schrock, J, Singer, AJ & Nagurney, JT 2013, 'Incremental value of objective cardiac testing in addition to physician impression and serial contemporary troponin measurements in women', Academic Emergency Medicine, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 265-270. https://doi.org/10.1111/acem.12092
Diercks, Deborah B. ; Mumma, Bryn ; Frank Peacock, W. ; Hollander, Judd E. ; Safdar, Basmah ; Mahler, Simon A. ; Miller, Chadwick D. ; Counselman, Francis L. ; Birkhahn, Robert ; Schrock, Jon ; Singer, Adam J. ; Nagurney, John T. / Incremental value of objective cardiac testing in addition to physician impression and serial contemporary troponin measurements in women. In: Academic Emergency Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 265-270.
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abstract = "Objectives Guidelines recommend that patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain who are at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receive an objective cardiac evaluation with a stress test or coronary imaging. It is uncertain whether all women derive benefit from this process. The study aim was to determine the incremental value of objective cardiac testing after serial cardiac markers and physician risk assessment. Methods Women enrolled in the 18-site Myeloperoxidase in the Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (MIDAS) study had serial troponin I measured at time 0 and 90 minutes and physician risk assessment for the presence of ACS. Risk estimates obtained at the time of ED evaluation were dichotomized as high or non-high risk. The primary outcome was the composite of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or revascularization at 30 days. Logistic regression with receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and net reclassification index were used to determine the diagnostic accuracy for the composite outcome of 30-day MI or revascularization for two models: 1) troponin I results and physician risk assessment alone and 2) troponin I results, physician risk assessment, and objective cardiac testing. Results A total of 460 women with a median age 58 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 48.5 to 68 years) were included, and 32 (6.9{\%}) experienced AMI or revascularization by 30 days. Comparison of the area under the ROC curves (AUC) showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to the combination of troponin I results and physician risk assessment did not significantly improve prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization (AUC = 0.85 vs. 0.89; p = 0.053). Using a threshold of 1{\%}, net reclassification index showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to troponin I results and physician risk assessment worsened the prediction for 30-day AMI and revascularization. All of the reclassified patients were false positives, with nine (2.1{\%}) patients incorrectly reclassified from <1{\%} risk to ≥1{\%} risk of 30-day AMI or revascularization. Conclusions In the era of contemporary troponin assays, objective cardiac testing after an ED clinician risk assessment of non-high risk and negative troponin I results at 0 and 90 minutes does not improve the prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization in women presenting with chest pain or other symptoms of cardiac ischemia.",
author = "Diercks, {Deborah B.} and Bryn Mumma and {Frank Peacock}, W. and Hollander, {Judd E.} and Basmah Safdar and Mahler, {Simon A.} and Miller, {Chadwick D.} and Counselman, {Francis L.} and Robert Birkhahn and Jon Schrock and Singer, {Adam J.} and Nagurney, {John T.}",
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AU - Mumma, Bryn

AU - Frank Peacock, W.

AU - Hollander, Judd E.

AU - Safdar, Basmah

AU - Mahler, Simon A.

AU - Miller, Chadwick D.

AU - Counselman, Francis L.

AU - Birkhahn, Robert

AU - Schrock, Jon

AU - Singer, Adam J.

AU - Nagurney, John T.

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N2 - Objectives Guidelines recommend that patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain who are at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receive an objective cardiac evaluation with a stress test or coronary imaging. It is uncertain whether all women derive benefit from this process. The study aim was to determine the incremental value of objective cardiac testing after serial cardiac markers and physician risk assessment. Methods Women enrolled in the 18-site Myeloperoxidase in the Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (MIDAS) study had serial troponin I measured at time 0 and 90 minutes and physician risk assessment for the presence of ACS. Risk estimates obtained at the time of ED evaluation were dichotomized as high or non-high risk. The primary outcome was the composite of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or revascularization at 30 days. Logistic regression with receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and net reclassification index were used to determine the diagnostic accuracy for the composite outcome of 30-day MI or revascularization for two models: 1) troponin I results and physician risk assessment alone and 2) troponin I results, physician risk assessment, and objective cardiac testing. Results A total of 460 women with a median age 58 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 48.5 to 68 years) were included, and 32 (6.9%) experienced AMI or revascularization by 30 days. Comparison of the area under the ROC curves (AUC) showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to the combination of troponin I results and physician risk assessment did not significantly improve prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization (AUC = 0.85 vs. 0.89; p = 0.053). Using a threshold of 1%, net reclassification index showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to troponin I results and physician risk assessment worsened the prediction for 30-day AMI and revascularization. All of the reclassified patients were false positives, with nine (2.1%) patients incorrectly reclassified from <1% risk to ≥1% risk of 30-day AMI or revascularization. Conclusions In the era of contemporary troponin assays, objective cardiac testing after an ED clinician risk assessment of non-high risk and negative troponin I results at 0 and 90 minutes does not improve the prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization in women presenting with chest pain or other symptoms of cardiac ischemia.

AB - Objectives Guidelines recommend that patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain who are at low risk for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receive an objective cardiac evaluation with a stress test or coronary imaging. It is uncertain whether all women derive benefit from this process. The study aim was to determine the incremental value of objective cardiac testing after serial cardiac markers and physician risk assessment. Methods Women enrolled in the 18-site Myeloperoxidase in the Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome (MIDAS) study had serial troponin I measured at time 0 and 90 minutes and physician risk assessment for the presence of ACS. Risk estimates obtained at the time of ED evaluation were dichotomized as high or non-high risk. The primary outcome was the composite of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or revascularization at 30 days. Logistic regression with receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and net reclassification index were used to determine the diagnostic accuracy for the composite outcome of 30-day MI or revascularization for two models: 1) troponin I results and physician risk assessment alone and 2) troponin I results, physician risk assessment, and objective cardiac testing. Results A total of 460 women with a median age 58 years (interquartile range [IQR] = 48.5 to 68 years) were included, and 32 (6.9%) experienced AMI or revascularization by 30 days. Comparison of the area under the ROC curves (AUC) showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to the combination of troponin I results and physician risk assessment did not significantly improve prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization (AUC = 0.85 vs. 0.89; p = 0.053). Using a threshold of 1%, net reclassification index showed that the addition of objective cardiac testing to troponin I results and physician risk assessment worsened the prediction for 30-day AMI and revascularization. All of the reclassified patients were false positives, with nine (2.1%) patients incorrectly reclassified from <1% risk to ≥1% risk of 30-day AMI or revascularization. Conclusions In the era of contemporary troponin assays, objective cardiac testing after an ED clinician risk assessment of non-high risk and negative troponin I results at 0 and 90 minutes does not improve the prediction of 30-day AMI or revascularization in women presenting with chest pain or other symptoms of cardiac ischemia.

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