Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Asian Americans and non-hispanic Whites

Lyzette Blanco, Liesl A. Nydegger, Kari Lyn K Sakuma, Elisa Tong, Martha M. White, Dennis R. Trinidad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Asian Americans are the fastest growing immigrant group in the United States and are more likely to be light and intermittent smokers (LITS) compared with non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs). LITS experience adverse health effects related to smoking. Previous research has aggregated Asian American ethnic groups, masking important differences between groups. We sought to compare LITS rates among Asian American subgroups before and after the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) with NHWs in California utilizing data from the California Tobacco Surveys (CTS). Methods: We combined 1990, 1992, and 1996 CTS (pre-MSA) and the 1999, 2002, 2005, and 2008 CTS (post-MSA) to examine changes in LITS (<10 cigarettes/day or not smoking daily). Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, and Korean ethnic groups were compared with NHWs. Results: Pre-MSA logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, education level, language spoken at home, and use of other tobacco products found that Chinese (odds ratio [OR] = 3.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.19, 5.21), Filipinos (OR = 3.55, 95% CI = 2.73, 4.63), Japanese (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.22, 3.27), and Koreans (OR = 3.22, 95% CI = 2.06, 5.03) were significantly more likely to be LITS compared with NHWs. Post-MSA, all Asian American subgroups experienced an increase in LITS (11.7%-37.8%); however, only Chinese (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.16, 4.13) and Filipinos (OR = 3.33, 95% CI = 2.26, 4.91) remained significantly more likely to be LITS compared with NHWs. Conclusions: Our results highlight the need for tobacco control efforts that address the growing group of LITS among Asian Americans and NHWs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberntu027
Pages (from-to)904-908
Number of pages5
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Asian Americans
Smoking
Light
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Tobacco
Ethnic Groups
Tobacco Products
Logistic Models
Language
Education
Health
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Blanco, L., Nydegger, L. A., Sakuma, K. L. K., Tong, E., White, M. M., & Trinidad, D. R. (2014). Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Asian Americans and non-hispanic Whites. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 16(6), 904-908. [ntu027]. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu027

Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Asian Americans and non-hispanic Whites. / Blanco, Lyzette; Nydegger, Liesl A.; Sakuma, Kari Lyn K; Tong, Elisa; White, Martha M.; Trinidad, Dennis R.

In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research, Vol. 16, No. 6, ntu027, 2014, p. 904-908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blanco, L, Nydegger, LA, Sakuma, KLK, Tong, E, White, MM & Trinidad, DR 2014, 'Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Asian Americans and non-hispanic Whites', Nicotine and Tobacco Research, vol. 16, no. 6, ntu027, pp. 904-908. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu027
Blanco, Lyzette ; Nydegger, Liesl A. ; Sakuma, Kari Lyn K ; Tong, Elisa ; White, Martha M. ; Trinidad, Dennis R. / Increases in light and intermittent smoking among Asian Americans and non-hispanic Whites. In: Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 6. pp. 904-908.
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abstract = "Introduction: Asian Americans are the fastest growing immigrant group in the United States and are more likely to be light and intermittent smokers (LITS) compared with non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs). LITS experience adverse health effects related to smoking. Previous research has aggregated Asian American ethnic groups, masking important differences between groups. We sought to compare LITS rates among Asian American subgroups before and after the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) with NHWs in California utilizing data from the California Tobacco Surveys (CTS). Methods: We combined 1990, 1992, and 1996 CTS (pre-MSA) and the 1999, 2002, 2005, and 2008 CTS (post-MSA) to examine changes in LITS (<10 cigarettes/day or not smoking daily). Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, and Korean ethnic groups were compared with NHWs. Results: Pre-MSA logistic regression models adjusted for age, gender, education level, language spoken at home, and use of other tobacco products found that Chinese (odds ratio [OR] = 3.38, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 2.19, 5.21), Filipinos (OR = 3.55, 95{\%} CI = 2.73, 4.63), Japanese (OR = 1.99, 95{\%} CI = 1.22, 3.27), and Koreans (OR = 3.22, 95{\%} CI = 2.06, 5.03) were significantly more likely to be LITS compared with NHWs. Post-MSA, all Asian American subgroups experienced an increase in LITS (11.7{\%}-37.8{\%}); however, only Chinese (OR = 2.19, 95{\%} CI = 1.16, 4.13) and Filipinos (OR = 3.33, 95{\%} CI = 2.26, 4.91) remained significantly more likely to be LITS compared with NHWs. Conclusions: Our results highlight the need for tobacco control efforts that address the growing group of LITS among Asian Americans and NHWs.",
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AU - Trinidad, Dennis R.

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