Increased systemic vascular resistance in neonates with pulmonary hypertension

Jay M Milstein, Boyd W. Goetzman, Thomas A. Riemenschneider, Richard P. Wennberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The time necessary for aortic diastolic pressure to decrease to 50 percent of an initially selected value after dissipation of the dicrotic notch (T 1 2) was determined in newborn infants with and without pulmonary hypertension. The mean T 1 2 was 671 ± 167 msec in seven infants with clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension and documented right to left ductus arteriosus shunting; 849 ± 243 msec in nine infants with clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension but no documented right to left ductus arteriosus shunting; and 457 ± 66 msec in eight infants with hyaline membrane disease and no clinical evidence of pulmonary hypertension or a patent ductus arteriosus. The mean T 1 2 values in the former two groups were significantly different from that in the group with no pulmonary hypertension (P < 0.01). An evaluation of factors affecting T 1 2 leads to the conclusion that the patients with pulmonary hypertension had increased systemic vascular resistance as well. This finding has important diagnostic, etiologic and therapeutic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1159-1162
Number of pages4
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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