BACKGROUND. The RB1 proliferation control pathway is a critical determinant of cell cycle progression. Abnormalities of RB1 are found in a variety of cancers, and the association with human prostate cancer (CAP) was examined here. METHODS. RNA expression levels of RB1 in CaPs were examined by RT-PCR. RNA integrity was assessed by evaluating expression of an endogenous gene standard. RESULTS. Abnormally low RB1 mRNA expression was found in 12/33 (36%) of CaPs from patients who had received combined androgen blockade (CAB) treatment. In contrast, 6/48 (13%) untreated CaPs showed abnormally low expression. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.015). In the samples from untreated patients, a higher frequency of abnormal RB1 was found in specimens with a higher Gleason grade (P = 0.038). In addition, one untreated stage C, grade 9 specimen was found to express RB1 transcripts lacking exon 22, as determined by sequencing of DNA from the truncated transcripts. CONCLUSIONS. These findings suggest that abnormalities of RB1 may contribute to hormone-withdrawal-related survival of CaP cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1998|
- Androgen ablation
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