Increased prevalence of atherosclerotic wall changes in patients with hyperlipidaemia after renal transplantation

T. Jogestrand, I. Fehrman-Ekholm, B. Angelin, Lars Berglund, H. Gäbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. The initial aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of influencing atherosclerosis in hyperlipidaemic renal transplant patients by lowering blood lipids with gemfibrozil treatment. Design. Although this double-blind, randomized trial was stopped after 6 months owing to the suspicion of drug interference, we report here on the results of baseline ultrasonographic examinations. Setting. The outpatient clinic at the Department of Transplantation Surgery, Huddinge University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden. Subjects and methods. The carotid arteries were examined in 16 out of the 19 kidney transplant patients included in the study using an ultrasonographic duplex scanner. Main outcome measures. Plaque occurrence and the common carotid intima-media thickness of the renal transplant recipients were compared to the same parameters in a normotensive control group of approximately the same age from a previous study. Results. An increased prevalence of plaque (75% of the patients having plaque on one or both sides) was seen in the hyperlipidaemic renal transplant patients in comparison with the control group (16%; P < 0.001). The common carotid intima-media complex was thicker (P < 0.05), and the lumen diameter and the calculated cross-sectional intima-media area were greater (P < 0.01-0.001) in the transplant recipients. Conclusions. Markedly increased atherosclerotic wall changes are seen in the carotid arteries of patients with hyperlipidaemia after renal transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-180
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Internal Medicine
Volume239
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Carotid artery
  • Hyperlipidaemia
  • Intima-media complex
  • Renal transplant recipients
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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