Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects

Arthur F. Gelb, Steven George, Fernando Camacho, Christine Fraser, Colleen Flynn Taylor, Sreelakshmi Shakkottai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: There is a paucity of normal-age stratified data for fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). Our goal was to obtain normal data for large-airway nitric oxide flux(J'aw NO) and small-airway and/or alveolar nitric oxide concentration(CANO) in nonsmoking, healthy, adult subjects of various ages. Methods: In 106 normal volunteer subjects (60 women) aged 55 ± 20 years(mean ± SD), FENO (parts per billion [ppb]) was measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 mL/s and J'aw NO(nL/s) and CANO (ppb) were calculated using a two-compartment model with correction for axial nitric oxide (NO) back diffusion. Fourteen older normal subjects were also treated with inhaled corticosteroid (540 m g budesonide bid) for 14 days. Results: We studied 34 younger normal subjects (17 women) aged 18 to 39 years (younger), 26 middle-aged normal subjects (22 women) aged 40 to 59 years (middle-aged), and 46 older normal subjects (21 women) aged 60 to 86 years (older). FENO at 50 mL/s in the younger group was 21 (14-28) ppb (median, 1-3 interquartile); in the middle-aged group it was 22 (18-30) ppb, and in the older group it was 27 (21-33) ppb, (analysis of variance [ANOVA]) P =.02. For FENO, the younger vs older groups was(Mann-Whitney) P =.03, and FENO in the combined younger and middle-aged groups was 21 (15-29) ppb vs 27 (21-33) ppb, P =.006 for the older group. Corrected J'aw NO in the younger group was 1.5 (1.0-2.1) nL/s; in the middle-aged group it was 1.4 (1.0-2.0) nL/s, and in the older group it was 1.8 (1.2-2.4) nL/s, (ANOVA) P =.3. Corrected C ANO in the younger group was 1.9 (0.8-3.0) ppb; in the middle-aged group it was 2.8 (0.8-5.1) ppb, and in the older group it was 3.9(1.4-6.6) ppb,(ANOVA) P =.02. C ANO in the younger vs older groups was P =.003, and the combined younger and middle-aged group result was 2.0 (0.8-3.8) vs 3.9 (1.4-6.6), P =.01 in the older group. There was no change in NO gas exchange with inhaled corticosteroids. Conclusions: In nonsmoking healthy subjects with normal spirometry, FENO at 50 mL/s and CANO increased signifi cantly with age ≥ 60 years, whereas J'aw NO did not. We suspect the increase in C ANO was due to a decrease in capillary blood volume with reduced NO diffusion, which is also refl ected in increased FENO. Inhaled budesonide had no anti-NO-mediated infl ammatory effect. Age-matched control subjects will be needed in NO comparative studies. Trial registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00576069 and NCT00568347; URL:www.clinicaltrials. gov.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-375
Number of pages8
JournalChest
Volume139
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

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Nitric Oxide
Budesonide
Analysis of Variance
Healthy Volunteers
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Spirometry
Blood Volume
Registries
Gases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Gelb, A. F., George, S., Camacho, F., Fraser, C., Taylor, C. F., & Shakkottai, S. (2011). Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects. Chest, 139(2), 368-375. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.10-1157

Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects. / Gelb, Arthur F.; George, Steven; Camacho, Fernando; Fraser, Christine; Taylor, Colleen Flynn; Shakkottai, Sreelakshmi.

In: Chest, Vol. 139, No. 2, 01.02.2011, p. 368-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gelb, AF, George, S, Camacho, F, Fraser, C, Taylor, CF & Shakkottai, S 2011, 'Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects', Chest, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 368-375. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.10-1157
Gelb, Arthur F. ; George, Steven ; Camacho, Fernando ; Fraser, Christine ; Taylor, Colleen Flynn ; Shakkottai, Sreelakshmi. / Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects. In: Chest. 2011 ; Vol. 139, No. 2. pp. 368-375.
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abstract = "Background: There is a paucity of normal-age stratified data for fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). Our goal was to obtain normal data for large-airway nitric oxide flux(J'aw NO) and small-airway and/or alveolar nitric oxide concentration(CANO) in nonsmoking, healthy, adult subjects of various ages. Methods: In 106 normal volunteer subjects (60 women) aged 55 ± 20 years(mean ± SD), FENO (parts per billion [ppb]) was measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 mL/s and J'aw NO(nL/s) and CANO (ppb) were calculated using a two-compartment model with correction for axial nitric oxide (NO) back diffusion. Fourteen older normal subjects were also treated with inhaled corticosteroid (540 m g budesonide bid) for 14 days. Results: We studied 34 younger normal subjects (17 women) aged 18 to 39 years (younger), 26 middle-aged normal subjects (22 women) aged 40 to 59 years (middle-aged), and 46 older normal subjects (21 women) aged 60 to 86 years (older). FENO at 50 mL/s in the younger group was 21 (14-28) ppb (median, 1-3 interquartile); in the middle-aged group it was 22 (18-30) ppb, and in the older group it was 27 (21-33) ppb, (analysis of variance [ANOVA]) P =.02. For FENO, the younger vs older groups was(Mann-Whitney) P =.03, and FENO in the combined younger and middle-aged groups was 21 (15-29) ppb vs 27 (21-33) ppb, P =.006 for the older group. Corrected J'aw NO in the younger group was 1.5 (1.0-2.1) nL/s; in the middle-aged group it was 1.4 (1.0-2.0) nL/s, and in the older group it was 1.8 (1.2-2.4) nL/s, (ANOVA) P =.3. Corrected C ANO in the younger group was 1.9 (0.8-3.0) ppb; in the middle-aged group it was 2.8 (0.8-5.1) ppb, and in the older group it was 3.9(1.4-6.6) ppb,(ANOVA) P =.02. C ANO in the younger vs older groups was P =.003, and the combined younger and middle-aged group result was 2.0 (0.8-3.8) vs 3.9 (1.4-6.6), P =.01 in the older group. There was no change in NO gas exchange with inhaled corticosteroids. Conclusions: In nonsmoking healthy subjects with normal spirometry, FENO at 50 mL/s and CANO increased signifi cantly with age ≥ 60 years, whereas J'aw NO did not. We suspect the increase in C ANO was due to a decrease in capillary blood volume with reduced NO diffusion, which is also refl ected in increased FENO. Inhaled budesonide had no anti-NO-mediated infl ammatory effect. Age-matched control subjects will be needed in NO comparative studies. Trial registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00576069 and NCT00568347; URL:www.clinicaltrials. gov.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased nitric oxide concentrations in the small airway of older normal subjects

AU - Gelb, Arthur F.

AU - George, Steven

AU - Camacho, Fernando

AU - Fraser, Christine

AU - Taylor, Colleen Flynn

AU - Shakkottai, Sreelakshmi

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - Background: There is a paucity of normal-age stratified data for fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). Our goal was to obtain normal data for large-airway nitric oxide flux(J'aw NO) and small-airway and/or alveolar nitric oxide concentration(CANO) in nonsmoking, healthy, adult subjects of various ages. Methods: In 106 normal volunteer subjects (60 women) aged 55 ± 20 years(mean ± SD), FENO (parts per billion [ppb]) was measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 mL/s and J'aw NO(nL/s) and CANO (ppb) were calculated using a two-compartment model with correction for axial nitric oxide (NO) back diffusion. Fourteen older normal subjects were also treated with inhaled corticosteroid (540 m g budesonide bid) for 14 days. Results: We studied 34 younger normal subjects (17 women) aged 18 to 39 years (younger), 26 middle-aged normal subjects (22 women) aged 40 to 59 years (middle-aged), and 46 older normal subjects (21 women) aged 60 to 86 years (older). FENO at 50 mL/s in the younger group was 21 (14-28) ppb (median, 1-3 interquartile); in the middle-aged group it was 22 (18-30) ppb, and in the older group it was 27 (21-33) ppb, (analysis of variance [ANOVA]) P =.02. For FENO, the younger vs older groups was(Mann-Whitney) P =.03, and FENO in the combined younger and middle-aged groups was 21 (15-29) ppb vs 27 (21-33) ppb, P =.006 for the older group. Corrected J'aw NO in the younger group was 1.5 (1.0-2.1) nL/s; in the middle-aged group it was 1.4 (1.0-2.0) nL/s, and in the older group it was 1.8 (1.2-2.4) nL/s, (ANOVA) P =.3. Corrected C ANO in the younger group was 1.9 (0.8-3.0) ppb; in the middle-aged group it was 2.8 (0.8-5.1) ppb, and in the older group it was 3.9(1.4-6.6) ppb,(ANOVA) P =.02. C ANO in the younger vs older groups was P =.003, and the combined younger and middle-aged group result was 2.0 (0.8-3.8) vs 3.9 (1.4-6.6), P =.01 in the older group. There was no change in NO gas exchange with inhaled corticosteroids. Conclusions: In nonsmoking healthy subjects with normal spirometry, FENO at 50 mL/s and CANO increased signifi cantly with age ≥ 60 years, whereas J'aw NO did not. We suspect the increase in C ANO was due to a decrease in capillary blood volume with reduced NO diffusion, which is also refl ected in increased FENO. Inhaled budesonide had no anti-NO-mediated infl ammatory effect. Age-matched control subjects will be needed in NO comparative studies. Trial registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00576069 and NCT00568347; URL:www.clinicaltrials. gov.

AB - Background: There is a paucity of normal-age stratified data for fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO). Our goal was to obtain normal data for large-airway nitric oxide flux(J'aw NO) and small-airway and/or alveolar nitric oxide concentration(CANO) in nonsmoking, healthy, adult subjects of various ages. Methods: In 106 normal volunteer subjects (60 women) aged 55 ± 20 years(mean ± SD), FENO (parts per billion [ppb]) was measured at 50, 100, 150, and 200 mL/s and J'aw NO(nL/s) and CANO (ppb) were calculated using a two-compartment model with correction for axial nitric oxide (NO) back diffusion. Fourteen older normal subjects were also treated with inhaled corticosteroid (540 m g budesonide bid) for 14 days. Results: We studied 34 younger normal subjects (17 women) aged 18 to 39 years (younger), 26 middle-aged normal subjects (22 women) aged 40 to 59 years (middle-aged), and 46 older normal subjects (21 women) aged 60 to 86 years (older). FENO at 50 mL/s in the younger group was 21 (14-28) ppb (median, 1-3 interquartile); in the middle-aged group it was 22 (18-30) ppb, and in the older group it was 27 (21-33) ppb, (analysis of variance [ANOVA]) P =.02. For FENO, the younger vs older groups was(Mann-Whitney) P =.03, and FENO in the combined younger and middle-aged groups was 21 (15-29) ppb vs 27 (21-33) ppb, P =.006 for the older group. Corrected J'aw NO in the younger group was 1.5 (1.0-2.1) nL/s; in the middle-aged group it was 1.4 (1.0-2.0) nL/s, and in the older group it was 1.8 (1.2-2.4) nL/s, (ANOVA) P =.3. Corrected C ANO in the younger group was 1.9 (0.8-3.0) ppb; in the middle-aged group it was 2.8 (0.8-5.1) ppb, and in the older group it was 3.9(1.4-6.6) ppb,(ANOVA) P =.02. C ANO in the younger vs older groups was P =.003, and the combined younger and middle-aged group result was 2.0 (0.8-3.8) vs 3.9 (1.4-6.6), P =.01 in the older group. There was no change in NO gas exchange with inhaled corticosteroids. Conclusions: In nonsmoking healthy subjects with normal spirometry, FENO at 50 mL/s and CANO increased signifi cantly with age ≥ 60 years, whereas J'aw NO did not. We suspect the increase in C ANO was due to a decrease in capillary blood volume with reduced NO diffusion, which is also refl ected in increased FENO. Inhaled budesonide had no anti-NO-mediated infl ammatory effect. Age-matched control subjects will be needed in NO comparative studies. Trial registry: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00576069 and NCT00568347; URL:www.clinicaltrials. gov.

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