OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), dialysis, and graft loss after direct intraarterial infusion of iodine-based contrast medium (CM) in renal allograft recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients underwent renal graft catheter arteriography between 2006 and 2014. CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine value of 0.5 mg/dL or more above the creatinine value before arteriography. CIN could be assessed in 37 patients with creatinine levels obtained before arteriography and 24-72 hours after arteriography. Dialysis requirement and renal allograft loss at 30 days after the procedure were recorded in all 100 patients. RESULTS: In the 37 patients who could be assessed for CIN, three patients (8%) met the criteria for CIN. In a subgroup analysis, there was an increased incidence of CIN in patients undergoing angiography alone (25%) compared with those in the angioplasty and stenting group (0%) (p = 0.028). At 30 days after the procedure, none (0/100) of the patients required dialysis or had graft failure. CONCLUSION: In a cohort of patients with a single renal allograft undergoing renal graft catheter arteriography using iodine-based CM, the overall incidence of CIN was low and no major adverse outcomes were noted at 30 days after the procedure. However, in a subgroup analysis, the patients who underwent arteriography alone-that is, without angioplasty or stenting-had a statistically significant higher rate of CIN.
- Contrast-induced nephropathy
- Renal transplant
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging