Incidence of and risk factors for diabetes mellitus in cats that have undergone renal transplantation: 187 Cases (1986-2005)

Joseph B. Case, Andrew E. Kyles, Richard W Nelson, Lillian Aronson, Philip H Kass, Tyler C. Klose, Nathan L. Bailiff, Clare R. Gregory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To compare incidence of diabetes mellitus in cats that had undergone renal transplantation with incidence in cats with chronic renal failure, compare mortality rates in cats that underwent renal transplantation and did or did not develop diabetes mellitus, and identify potential risk factors for development of posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in cats. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-187 cats that underwent renal transplantation. Procedures-Medical records were reviewed. Results-26 of the 187 (13.9%) cats developed PTDM, with the incidence of PTDM being 66 cases/1,000 cat years at risk. By contrast, the incidence of diabetes mellitus among a comparison population of 178 cats with chronic renal failure that did not undergo renal transplantation was 17.9 cases/1,000 cat years at risk, and cats that underwent renal transplantation were 5.45 times as likely to develop diabetes mellitus as were control cats with chronic renal failure. The mortality rate among cats with PTDM was 2.38 times the rate among cats that underwent renal transplantation but did not develop PTDM. Age, sex, body weight, and percentage change in body weight were not found to be significantly associated with development of PTDM. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Results suggest that cats that undergo renal transplantation have an increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus, compared with cats with chronic renal failure, and that mortality rate is higher for cats that develop PTDM than for cats that do not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-884
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume230
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2007

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this