Incidence and nature of infectious disease in patients treated with anti-TNF agents

Siba P Raychaudhuri, Caroline T. Nguyen, Smriti K. Raychaudhuri, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) inhibitors offer a targeted therapeutic strategy that contrasts with the nonspecific immunosuppressive agents traditionally used to treat most inflammatory diseases. These biologic agents have had a significant impact in ameliorating the signs and symptoms of inflammatory rheumatoid disease and improving patient function. From the onset of clinical trials, a central concern of cytokine blockade has been a potential increase in susceptibility to infections. Not surprisingly, a variety of infections have been reported in association with the use of TNF-α inhibitor agents. In particular, there is evidence suggesting an increased rate of granulomatous infections in patients treated with monoclonal TNF-α inhibitors. This review provides the incidence and nature of infections in patients treated with TNF-α inhibitor agents and reminds the clinician of the required vigilance in monitoring patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-81
Number of pages15
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2009


  • Opportunistic infection
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • TNF
  • TNF-α inhibitors
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy


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