In vivo microelectrode localization in the brain of the alert monkey: a combined radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging approach

Frederick K D Nahm, Anders M. Dale, Thomas D. Albright, David G Amaral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

A technique is described for in vivo localization of microelectrodes during single-unit recording in the alert monkey. Four hollow glass spheres filled with copper sulfate and iohexol were affixed to the surface of the animal's skull prior to the acquisition of a series of coronal magnetic resonance (MR) images. These reference beads were visible in both X-ray and MR images. Cranial recording chambers were then implanted bilaterally over the amygdaloid complex. A microelectrode was advanced to various depths in the subject's brain. At each selected microelectrode site, five radiographs were obtained and a small electrolytic lesion was made. Based on the data from the radiographs, we computed the position of the microelectrode tip at each site relative to the reference beads. With a precision of 625 μm, this method was used to predict the neuroanatomical location of ten microlesions placed in both subcortical and cortical structures. Postmortem histological analysis revealed that the actual location of the lesions closely matched predictions arrived at using the X-ray/MRI localization technique. This technique thus provides an accurate, reliable and noninvasive method for in vivo localization of microelectrode recording sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-411
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Microlesion
  • Monkey
  • Radiography
  • Single-Unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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