Topical application of the juvenoid, epofenonane, to last stadium postwandering larvae of Trichoplusia ni caused a precocious elevation of juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) activity that was tissue speific and time dependent. This increase in enzyme activity over controls was most dramatic in the hemolymph, whereas increases in the fat body were lower. Antibodies raised against JHE reacted on Western blots with a fat body and hemolymph protein present in epofenonane treated and untreated last stadium day 3 larvae. The abundance of this protein, which comigrated with JHE, closely coincided with the temporal increases in JHE catalytic activity that occurred in response to treatment in vivo with epofenonane. The presence of epofenonane (5-10,000 nM) in the medium at the start of fat body incubations failed to shift the temporal appearance of JHE activity or boost activity levels significantly over those of controls. If larvae were treated in vivo with epofenonane before fat body tissue was removed, only a small, but significant increase in JHE activity was found in vitro. The rate of enzyme secretion was insufficient to account for the rapid increases in enzyme activity that occur in the hemolymph in response to epofenonane, even though tissue held in vitro was deemed viable by monitoring lactate dehydrogenase activity in the medium, fat body intracellular ATP, and the incorporation of [35S]methionine into fat body protein. Fat body tissue removed from various aged last stadium larvae released enzyme at different rates in vitro.
- fat body
- juvenile hormone esterase