In vitro transformation of mesenchymal cells derived from embryonic muscle into cartilage in response to extracellular matrix components of bone

T. K. Sampath, M. A. Nathanson, A Hari Reddi

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Abstract

Subcutaneous implantation of demineralized diaphyseal bone matrix into rats induces cartilage and bone formation in vivo. When minced skeletal muscle is cultured on hemicylinders of demineralized bone in vitro, mesenchymal cells are transformed into chondrocytes. In the present investigation, the potential of extracellular matrix components of bone to trigger cartilage differentiation in vitro was examined. Extraction of bone hemicylinders with 6 M guanidine·HCl resulted in the absence of chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone formation in vivo. Biologically inactive hemicylinders of bone were then reconstituted with the guanidine extract and also with partially purified components extracted from bone matrix and bioassayed. Reconstitution completely restored the ability to elicit chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone differentiation in vivo. Reconstitution of the whole guanidine extract on Millipore filters coated with gels of tendon collagen (type I) and subsequent culture with minced skeletal muscle also resulted in cartilage induction in vitro. These observations show that the extracellular matrix of bone is a repository of factors that govern local cartilage and bone differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3419-3423
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume81
Issue number11 I
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Myoblasts
Cartilage
Extracellular Matrix
Bone and Bones
Chondrogenesis
Bone Matrix
Guanidine
Osteogenesis
Skeletal Muscle
Micropore Filters
Chondrocytes
Collagen Type I
In Vitro Techniques
Tendons
Gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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abstract = "Subcutaneous implantation of demineralized diaphyseal bone matrix into rats induces cartilage and bone formation in vivo. When minced skeletal muscle is cultured on hemicylinders of demineralized bone in vitro, mesenchymal cells are transformed into chondrocytes. In the present investigation, the potential of extracellular matrix components of bone to trigger cartilage differentiation in vitro was examined. Extraction of bone hemicylinders with 6 M guanidine·HCl resulted in the absence of chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone formation in vivo. Biologically inactive hemicylinders of bone were then reconstituted with the guanidine extract and also with partially purified components extracted from bone matrix and bioassayed. Reconstitution completely restored the ability to elicit chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone differentiation in vivo. Reconstitution of the whole guanidine extract on Millipore filters coated with gels of tendon collagen (type I) and subsequent culture with minced skeletal muscle also resulted in cartilage induction in vitro. These observations show that the extracellular matrix of bone is a repository of factors that govern local cartilage and bone differentiation.",
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AU - Sampath, T. K.

AU - Nathanson, M. A.

AU - Reddi, A Hari

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - Subcutaneous implantation of demineralized diaphyseal bone matrix into rats induces cartilage and bone formation in vivo. When minced skeletal muscle is cultured on hemicylinders of demineralized bone in vitro, mesenchymal cells are transformed into chondrocytes. In the present investigation, the potential of extracellular matrix components of bone to trigger cartilage differentiation in vitro was examined. Extraction of bone hemicylinders with 6 M guanidine·HCl resulted in the absence of chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone formation in vivo. Biologically inactive hemicylinders of bone were then reconstituted with the guanidine extract and also with partially purified components extracted from bone matrix and bioassayed. Reconstitution completely restored the ability to elicit chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone differentiation in vivo. Reconstitution of the whole guanidine extract on Millipore filters coated with gels of tendon collagen (type I) and subsequent culture with minced skeletal muscle also resulted in cartilage induction in vitro. These observations show that the extracellular matrix of bone is a repository of factors that govern local cartilage and bone differentiation.

AB - Subcutaneous implantation of demineralized diaphyseal bone matrix into rats induces cartilage and bone formation in vivo. When minced skeletal muscle is cultured on hemicylinders of demineralized bone in vitro, mesenchymal cells are transformed into chondrocytes. In the present investigation, the potential of extracellular matrix components of bone to trigger cartilage differentiation in vitro was examined. Extraction of bone hemicylinders with 6 M guanidine·HCl resulted in the absence of chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone formation in vivo. Biologically inactive hemicylinders of bone were then reconstituted with the guanidine extract and also with partially purified components extracted from bone matrix and bioassayed. Reconstitution completely restored the ability to elicit chondrogenesis in vitro and endochondral bone differentiation in vivo. Reconstitution of the whole guanidine extract on Millipore filters coated with gels of tendon collagen (type I) and subsequent culture with minced skeletal muscle also resulted in cartilage induction in vitro. These observations show that the extracellular matrix of bone is a repository of factors that govern local cartilage and bone differentiation.

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