In vitro perfused human capillary networks

Monica L. Moya, Yu Hsiang Hsu, Abraham P. Lee, C. W.Hughes Christopher, Steven George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Replicating in vitro the complex in vivo tissue microenvironment has the potential to transform our approach to medicine and also our understanding of biology. In order to accurately model the 3D arrangement and interaction of cells and extracellular matrix, new microphysiological systems must include a vascular supply. The vasculature not only provides the necessary convective transport of oxygen, nutrients, and waste in 3D culture, but also couples and integrates the responses of organ systems. Here we combine tissue engineering and microfluidic technology to create an in vitro 3D metabolically active stroma (~1 mm3) that, for the first time, contains a perfused, living, dynamic, interconnected human capillary network. The range of flow rate (μm/s) and shear rate (s-1) within the network was 0-4000 and 0-1000, respectively, and thus included the normal physiological range. Infusion of FITC dextran demonstrated microvessels (15-50 μm) to be largely impermeable to 70 kDa. Our high-throughput biology-directed platform has the potential to impact a broad range of fields that intersect with the microcirculation, including tumor metastasis, drug discovery, vascular disease, and environmental chemical toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-737
Number of pages8
JournalTissue Engineering - Part C: Methods
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

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Microcirculation
Microfluidics
Dextran
Bioelectric potentials
Drug Discovery
Tissue Engineering
Microvessels
Vascular Diseases
Tissue engineering
Cell Communication
Shear deformation
Nutrients
Medicine
Extracellular Matrix
Blood Vessels
Toxicity
Tumors
Reference Values
Flow rate
Throughput

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

In vitro perfused human capillary networks. / Moya, Monica L.; Hsu, Yu Hsiang; Lee, Abraham P.; Christopher, C. W.Hughes; George, Steven.

In: Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods, Vol. 19, No. 9, 01.09.2013, p. 730-737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moya, Monica L. ; Hsu, Yu Hsiang ; Lee, Abraham P. ; Christopher, C. W.Hughes ; George, Steven. / In vitro perfused human capillary networks. In: Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods. 2013 ; Vol. 19, No. 9. pp. 730-737.
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