In vitro evaluation of an intraluminal solution to attenuate effects of ischemia and reperfusion in the small intestine of horses

Linda M. Van Hoogmoed, Jorge Nieto, Jack R. Snyder, Faye A. Harmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To evaluate the efficacy of intraluminal administration of a customized solution during low-flow ischemia and reperfusion in the jejunum of horses. Sample Population-Segments of jejunum obtained from 13 healthy adult horses. Procedure - In isolated segments of jejunum maintained in an extracorporeal circuit, arterial flow was reduced to 20% of baseline for 40 minutes (ischemia) followed by 60 minutes of reperfusion. In 2 groups, a customized solution (concentrations, 12.5 and 25%, respectively) was placed in the lumen prior to low-flow ischemia and maintained during reperfusion. The control group received intraluminal lactated Ringer's solution for the same duration. Various metabolic, hemodynamic, histologic, and permeability variables were recorded. Results - The 12.5% solution resulted in less histomorphologic injury and reduced mucosal permeability to albumin, compared with the 25% solution and the lactated Ringer's solution. Morphologic injury and permeability were reduced in tissues that received the 25% solution, compared with the control group, but this difference was not significant. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Use of a 12.5% customized solution appeared to minimize injury in the isolated extracoporeal jejunal loop, which provides some indication that it might be useful in clinical situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1389-1394
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume63
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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