In vitro efficacy of a 0.2% polyhexamethylene biguanide-impregnated gauze dressing against pathogenic bacterial isolates found in horses

Charlene V. Noll, Isabelle Kilcoyne, Jorge E. Nieto, Timothy Thio, Barbara A. Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To determine the ability of 0.2% polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB)-impregnated gauze to inhibit the growth of bacteria isolated from equine infected sites. Study Design: In vitro study. Methods: Nine bacterial isolates were obtained from cultures submitted from equine patients presenting with penetrating injuries of the hoof (n = 4), septic osteitis (n = 1), synovial sepsis (n = 1), wounds (n = 2), and incisional infection following laparotomy (n = 1). Two standardized strains were also included. A standard inoculum of each isolate was placed on 12 Muller–Hinton agar plates. Squares (2.5 cm × 2.5 cm) of 0.2% PHMB-impregnated (n = 6) and nonimpregnated control gauze (n = 6) were placed on inoculated agar plates. Bacterial growth under each gauze square was assessed after a 24-h incubation period and areas of inhibition were measured to a standardized scale, using image-processing software. Mean ± SD growth inhibition (%) using 0.2% PHMB-impregnated gauze was compared to the nonimpregnated gauze for each isolate using Student's t test (p <.05). Results: The 0.2% PMHB-impregnated gauze inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus spp. (n = 4) by 33%–83.1% and that of Escherichia coli spp. (n = 4) by 6.5%–37%. There was no inhibition of growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa or either Enterococcus spp. Conclusion: The 0.2% PHMB-impregnated dressing tested here inhibited the growth of staphylococcal and E. coli isolates, but the magnitude of inhibition varied between strains. Clinical Relevance: These results justify in vivo studies to evaluate the ability of the dressing to reduce the bacterial growth of common equine bacterial pathogens in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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