Background: We determined whether in vitro potency assays inform which placental mesenchymal stromal cell (PMSC) lines produce high rates of ambulation following in utero treatment of myelomeningocele in an ovine model. Methods: PMSC lines were created following explant culture of three early-gestation human placentas. In vitro neuroprotection was assessed with a neuronal apoptosis model. In vivo, myelomeningocele defects were created in 28 fetuses and repaired with PMSCs at 3 × 105 cells/cm2 of scaffold from Line A (n = 6), Line B (n = 7) and Line C (n = 5) and compared to no PMSCs (n = 10). Ambulation was scored as ≥ 13 on the Sheep Locomotor Rating Scale. Results: In vitro, Line A and B had higher neuroprotective capability than no PMSCs (1.7 and 1.8 respectively vs 1, p = 0.02, ANOVA). In vivo, Line A and B had higher large neuron densities than no PMSCs (25.2 and 27.9 respectively vs 4.8, p = 0.03, ANOVA). Line C did not have higher neuroprotection or larger neuron density than no PMSCs. In vivo, Line A and B had ambulation rates of 83% and 71%, respectively, compared to 60% with Line C and 20% with no PMSCs. Conclusion: The in vitro neuroprotection assay will facilitate selection of optimal PMSC lines for clinical use. Level of evidence: n/a. Type of study: Basic science.
- Fetal surgery
- Mesenchymal stromal cell
- Spina bifida
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health