Rapid and sensitive nonradioactive methods to detect human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected cells are needed in clinical medicine. We developed an in situ hybridization test using 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF)-labeled HIV DNA as a hybridization probe. Hybridized probe was detected using rabbit anti-AAF antibody, followed by alkaline phosphatase-conjugated goat anti-rabbit, and the bromochloroindolyl phosphate-nitroblue tetrazolium reaction. An image cytophotometry system was used to quantitate the percentage of HIV-infected cells. These methods were used to determine the percentage of H9 cells infected with HIV. HIV was detected in 0% of cells on day 1 post infection, 7% on day 4, 41% on day 8, and 5% on day 15. These results paralleled those of the reverse transcriptase assay and an antigen capture ELISA assay for HIV antigen. Thus the AAF modified HIV DNA probe detected HIV nucleic acid in infected H9 cells and the image cytophotometry system improved the sensitivity and objectivity of detection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry|
|State||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology