Improving visual outcomes by preserving outer retina morphology in eyes with resolved pseudophakic cystoid macular edema

Allan A. Hunter, Sara P. Modjtahedi, Kuumba Long, Robert Zawadzki, Eric K. Chin, Jeffrey J. Caspar, Lawrence S. Morse, David G. Telander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To use ultra-high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) subclinical anatomic alterations to explain suboptimum vision despite pseudophakic cystoid macula edema (CME) resolution. Setting University of California-Davis, Sacramento, California, USA. Design Case study. Methods This study comprised patients who had cataract phacoemulsification surgery. Cases of resolved postoperative CME (diagnosed postoperatively by 1 month and resolved by 1 year) were included. Exclusion criteria included any other cause for decreased vision or compounding factors. Patients with a history of resolved pseudophakic CME were imaged using a purpose-built ultra-high-resolution OCT system with 4.5 μm axial resolution and an acquisition speed of 9 frames/sec (1000 A-scans/frame). The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was determined by Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study standards. Statistical analysis was by the unpaired t test. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results The review identified 56 patients with a pseudophakic CME diagnosis at least 1 month postoperatively. Fifteen eyes (26.8%) had less than 20/20 CDVA despite resolution of CME; 7 participated. Four patients with 20/20 CDVA after resolution of pseudophakic CME participated. Eyes with reduced CDVA after macula edema showed ultra-high-resolution OCT evidence of blurring of outer segments of photoreceptors, while controls showed normal outer retina morphology (P <.05). Conclusions Persistent anatomic alteration of photoreceptors visualized by ultra-high-resolution OCT correlated with reduced CDVA in patients with pseudophakic CME compared with patients who had 20/20 CDVA after macula edema. This anatomic alteration in outer photoreceptor morphology is a plausible explanation for the reduced CDVA in this disease. Financial Disclosure No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-631
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Surgery

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