An improved HPLC-based 32P-postlabeling assay has been developed for the analysis of DNA modified with the food carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). Postlabeled samples are loaded onto a C18 precolumn and adducted bases are retained while excess radioactivity and unmodified DNA bases are eluted directly to waste through a switching valve. The use of this HPLC in-line precolumn purification (HIPP) technique allows entire postlabeled samples to be analyzed without prior removal of inorganic phosphate and unmodified DNA bases. The method has a sample to sample precision of 15% and accuracy of 20%, at adduct levels of 2 adducts/107 bases and shows a linear relationship between signal and adduction levels from 1 adduct per 104 to ≈2±1 adducts per 109 bases. Individual postlabeled DNA samples can be analyzed by HPLC in less than 1 h, allowing high throughput. The use of calf-thymus DNA (CT-DNA), highly modified with PhIP, or DNA isolated from mice chronically fed a PhIP-modified diet shows two major PhIP-DNA adduct peaks and three additional minor adduct peaks when labeled under ATP-limiting conditions. Isolation of the HPLC purified peaks and analysis by thin layer chromatography (TLC) matches the five HPLC peaks to the spots typically seen by TLC, including N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (dG-C8-PhIP). Variations in digestion techniques indicate a potential resistance of the PhIP-DNA adducts to the standard enzymatic digestion methods. Attempts at adduct intensification by solid phase extraction, nuclease P1 enrichment or 1-butanol extraction decreased PhIP-DNA adduct peaks and introduced a large early eluting peak. Removal of the 3′-phosphate with nuclease P1 following the kinase labeling reaction simplifies the HPLC profile to one major peak (dG-C8-PhIP monophosphate) with several minor peaks. In addition to the high resolution provided by HPLC separation of the PhIP-DNA adducts, this method can be adjusted for analysis of other DNA adducts and is readily automated for high throughput.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Applications|
|State||Published - Apr 26 1996|
- 2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine-DNA adducts
- DNA adducts
ASJC Scopus subject areas