Implementation of an animal health database in response to the 2018 California Camp Fire

Hayley G. Dieckmann, Lais R.R. Costa, Beatriz Martínez-López, John E. Madigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe an animal health database used to facilitate effective disaster response and retrospective analysis of data concerning animals other than cats and dogs affected by the 2018 California Camp Fire. ANIMALS Veterinary medical entries (n = 206) for evacuated or rescued animals (151) of various species, including avian, bovine, camelid, caprine, equine, ovine, and porcine species, temporarily housed at the Butte County fairgrounds in Gridley, Calif. PROCEDURES Case data were collected via a standardized form by volunteers with the University of California-Davis Veterinary Emergency Response Team during triage and treatment of animals brought to the shelter. Collected data were entered into a database. Multiple correspondence analysis was used to evaluate associations among patient species, types and severity of injuries, and behavior. RESULTS Burns, respiratory disease, gastrointestinal illnesses, and lacerations were the most prevalent illnesses and injuries among the overall shelter population for the first 12 days of the Camp Fire. Ovine patients were more likely to have had respiratory illness than were other species. The most prevalent medical conditions among equine patients were lacerations and gastrointestinal illnesses. Severe burns were most common among porcine, camelid, and avian patients. The temporal distribution of cases suggested the immediate evacuation of equine species and the delayed movement of bovine and avian species to the shelter. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Collection of animal health information through the database allowed assessment of prevalent medical conditions among various farm animals following a wildfire. Adaptation of this database to other disasters could improve emergency response protocols by providing guidance for management of resources and allow retrospective assessment for response improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume256
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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