Impaired executive control of emotional information in social anhedonia

Laura Tully, Sarah Hope Lincoln, Christine I. Hooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the executive control of emotional information and its relationship to social functioning in individuals at risk for schizophrenia, defined by high social anhedonia (SA). Using the same structure as the Attentional Network Test (ANT), we developed a measure of executive control of emotional information (ANT-Emotion) in which subjects identify the direction of an arrow flanked by irrelevant angry or neutral faces. Subjects completed the ANT, ANT-Emotion, and the Social Adjustment Scale, Self-Report (SAS-SR), a measure of social functioning. While there were no group differences in the alerting, orienting, and executive control networks assessed by the ANT, high SA individuals exhibited a specific impairment in the executive control of emotional information. High SA individuals also reported poorer social functioning. However, executive control of emotional information did not mediate the relationship between SA and social functioning. These findings indicate that, in high-risk populations, the impaired ability to inhibit emotional information allows negative affective stimuli to exert inappropriate influence on cognitive processes. These results are consistent with studies indicating similar findings in schizophrenia patients, suggesting that impaired inhibition of negative emotion may be part of the liability for the disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume197
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anhedonia
Executive Function
Emotions
Schizophrenia
Social Adjustment
Aptitude
Information Services
Self Report
Population

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Attention network test
  • Psychosis-proneness
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social cognition
  • Social functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Impaired executive control of emotional information in social anhedonia. / Tully, Laura; Lincoln, Sarah Hope; Hooker, Christine I.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 197, No. 1-2, 15.05.2012, p. 29-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tully, Laura ; Lincoln, Sarah Hope ; Hooker, Christine I. / Impaired executive control of emotional information in social anhedonia. In: Psychiatry Research. 2012 ; Vol. 197, No. 1-2. pp. 29-35.
@article{c3d7300204d14b628c237cf8e0874913,
title = "Impaired executive control of emotional information in social anhedonia",
abstract = "We examined the executive control of emotional information and its relationship to social functioning in individuals at risk for schizophrenia, defined by high social anhedonia (SA). Using the same structure as the Attentional Network Test (ANT), we developed a measure of executive control of emotional information (ANT-Emotion) in which subjects identify the direction of an arrow flanked by irrelevant angry or neutral faces. Subjects completed the ANT, ANT-Emotion, and the Social Adjustment Scale, Self-Report (SAS-SR), a measure of social functioning. While there were no group differences in the alerting, orienting, and executive control networks assessed by the ANT, high SA individuals exhibited a specific impairment in the executive control of emotional information. High SA individuals also reported poorer social functioning. However, executive control of emotional information did not mediate the relationship between SA and social functioning. These findings indicate that, in high-risk populations, the impaired ability to inhibit emotional information allows negative affective stimuli to exert inappropriate influence on cognitive processes. These results are consistent with studies indicating similar findings in schizophrenia patients, suggesting that impaired inhibition of negative emotion may be part of the liability for the disorder.",
keywords = "Attention, Attention network test, Psychosis-proneness, Schizophrenia, Social cognition, Social functioning",
author = "Laura Tully and Lincoln, {Sarah Hope} and Hooker, {Christine I.}",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.023",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "197",
pages = "29--35",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired executive control of emotional information in social anhedonia

AU - Tully, Laura

AU - Lincoln, Sarah Hope

AU - Hooker, Christine I.

PY - 2012/5/15

Y1 - 2012/5/15

N2 - We examined the executive control of emotional information and its relationship to social functioning in individuals at risk for schizophrenia, defined by high social anhedonia (SA). Using the same structure as the Attentional Network Test (ANT), we developed a measure of executive control of emotional information (ANT-Emotion) in which subjects identify the direction of an arrow flanked by irrelevant angry or neutral faces. Subjects completed the ANT, ANT-Emotion, and the Social Adjustment Scale, Self-Report (SAS-SR), a measure of social functioning. While there were no group differences in the alerting, orienting, and executive control networks assessed by the ANT, high SA individuals exhibited a specific impairment in the executive control of emotional information. High SA individuals also reported poorer social functioning. However, executive control of emotional information did not mediate the relationship between SA and social functioning. These findings indicate that, in high-risk populations, the impaired ability to inhibit emotional information allows negative affective stimuli to exert inappropriate influence on cognitive processes. These results are consistent with studies indicating similar findings in schizophrenia patients, suggesting that impaired inhibition of negative emotion may be part of the liability for the disorder.

AB - We examined the executive control of emotional information and its relationship to social functioning in individuals at risk for schizophrenia, defined by high social anhedonia (SA). Using the same structure as the Attentional Network Test (ANT), we developed a measure of executive control of emotional information (ANT-Emotion) in which subjects identify the direction of an arrow flanked by irrelevant angry or neutral faces. Subjects completed the ANT, ANT-Emotion, and the Social Adjustment Scale, Self-Report (SAS-SR), a measure of social functioning. While there were no group differences in the alerting, orienting, and executive control networks assessed by the ANT, high SA individuals exhibited a specific impairment in the executive control of emotional information. High SA individuals also reported poorer social functioning. However, executive control of emotional information did not mediate the relationship between SA and social functioning. These findings indicate that, in high-risk populations, the impaired ability to inhibit emotional information allows negative affective stimuli to exert inappropriate influence on cognitive processes. These results are consistent with studies indicating similar findings in schizophrenia patients, suggesting that impaired inhibition of negative emotion may be part of the liability for the disorder.

KW - Attention

KW - Attention network test

KW - Psychosis-proneness

KW - Schizophrenia

KW - Social cognition

KW - Social functioning

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862337148&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862337148&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.023

DO - 10.1016/j.psychres.2011.12.023

M3 - Article

VL - 197

SP - 29

EP - 35

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

IS - 1-2

ER -