Impact of self-monitoring of blood glucose in diabetic patients in Thailand

Navapun Charuruks, Suwanee Surasiengsunk, Sompongse Suwanwalaikorn, Wiraporn Pothisiri, Kua Wongboonsin, Gerald J Kost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

GOAL: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in Thai patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus was performed to help minimize health problems through data-driven self-education and prevention of disease sequelae. METHODS: Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into 2 groups: group 1 patients (n = 34), who participated in a SMBG program, and group 2 patients (n = 32), who were placed on a diabetes clinic customary protocol. Patients were followed up for 3 months. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, cholesterol (Chol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride were analyzed. Patients in group 1 were trained to record blood glucose results, which then were analyzed and managed using Accu-Chek Camit Pro (Roche Diagnostic) software. RESULTS: We found statistically significant differences in FPG (P = 0.017), HbA1C (P = 0.003), and Chol (P = 0.031) between the beginning and end of the study in group 1, but not in group 2. CONCLUSION: The results show that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, upon intervention with SMBG, had significantly improved FPG, HbA1C, and Chol compared with patients on conventional care, within short term when integrated with close follow-up and advice. Self-monitoring of blood glucose supports a feeling of self-responsibility and willingness to work with the health care team. Well-trained laboratory personnel should be part of health education and knowledge management and can teach patients how to perform point-of-care testing and maintain instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-159
Number of pages5
JournalPoint of Care
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Glucose meter
  • HbA
  • Point-of-care testing
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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    Charuruks, N., Surasiengsunk, S., Suwanwalaikorn, S., Pothisiri, W., Wongboonsin, K., & Kost, G. J. (2006). Impact of self-monitoring of blood glucose in diabetic patients in Thailand. Point of Care, 5(4), 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.poc.0000243979.85019.cb