Impact of pre-stage II hemodynamics and pulmonary artery anatomy on 12-month outcomes in the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial

Ranjit Aiyagari, John F. Rhodes, Peter Shrader, Wolfgang A. Radtke, Varsha M. Bandisode, Lisa Bergersen, Matthew J. Gillespie, Robert G. Gray, Lin T. Guey, Kevin D. Hill, Russel Hirsch, Dennis W. Kim, Kyong Jin Lee, Andrew N Pelech, Jeremy Ringewald, Cheryl Takao, Julie A. Vincent, Richard G. Ohye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare the interstage cardiac catheterization hemodynamic and angiographic findings between shunt types for the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. The trial, which randomized subjects to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS) for the Norwood procedure, demonstrated the RVPAS was associated with a smaller pulmonary artery diameter but superior 12-month transplant-free survival.

Methods: We analyzed the pre-stage II catheterization data for the trial subjects. The hemodynamic variables and shunt and pulmonary angiographic data were compared between shunt types; their association with 12-month transplant-free survival was also evaluated.

Results: Of 549 randomized subjects, 389 underwent pre-stage II catheterization. A smaller size, lower aortic and superior vena cava saturation, and higher ventricular end-diastolic pressure were associated with worse 12- month transplant-free survival. The MBTS group had a lower coronary perfusion pressure (27 vs 32 mm Hg; P.001) and greater pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow ratio (1.1 vs 1.0, P = .009). A greater pulmonary blood flow/systemic blood flow ratio increased the risk of death or transplantation only in the RVPAS group (P=.01). The MBTS group had fewer shunt (14%vs 28%, P=.004) and severe left pulmonary artery (0.7%vs 9.2%, P = .003) stenoses, larger mid-main branch pulmonary artery diameters, and greater Nakata indexes (164 vs 134, P < .001).

Conclusions: Compared with the RVPAS subjects, the MBTS subjects had more hemodynamic abnormalities related to shunt physiology, and the RVPAS subjects had more shunt or pulmonary obstruction of a severe degree and inferior pulmonary artery growth at pre-stage II catheterization. A lower body surface area, greater ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and lower superior vena cava saturation were associated with worse 12-month transplant-free survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1467-1474
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Aiyagari, R., Rhodes, J. F., Shrader, P., Radtke, W. A., Bandisode, V. M., Bergersen, L., Gillespie, M. J., Gray, R. G., Guey, L. T., Hill, K. D., Hirsch, R., Kim, D. W., Lee, K. J., Pelech, A. N., Ringewald, J., Takao, C., Vincent, J. A., & Ohye, R. G. (2014). Impact of pre-stage II hemodynamics and pulmonary artery anatomy on 12-month outcomes in the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 148(4), 1467-1474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.10.057