Impact of a biospecimen collection seminar on willingness to donate biospecimens among chinese americans

Results from a randomized, controlled community-based trial

Elisa Tong, Lei Chun Fung, Susan L Stewart, Debora A Paterniti, Julie H T Dang, Moon S Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Biospecimen collection from diverse populations can advance cancer disparities research, but is currently underrepresented. Methods: We partnered with a community-based clinic serving Cantonese-speaking Chinese Americans to develop and revise an educational seminar on biospecimen collection. Through a randomized controlled trial (n = 395), the intervention seminar was compared with a control seminar (cancer prevention) on change in willingness to donate biospecimens. Results: At baseline, many were willing to donate a biospecimen (saliva, urine, hair, toenails, blood, unused cancerous tissue) whether healthy or hypothetically had cancer. Also, many would donate because future generations would benefit, and few had concerns about donation. In logistic regression analyses, there was an intervention effect for willingness to donate: urine if had cancer [OR, 2.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3-3.7], toenails if healthy (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.2) or had cancer (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 2.0-2.7), hair if healthy (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.5) or had cancer (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.9-4.0), and unused cancerous tissue (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.9). There was also an intervention effect for donating because future generations would benefit (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-3.0), and this attitude was a strong independent predictor for willingness to donate all biospecimens, whether healthy or had cancer (OR, 2.9-4.2). Conclusion: Cantonese-speaking Chinese American participants of an educational seminar on biospecimen collection showed greater increases in willingness to donate biospecimens and donating for the benefit of future generations, than participants who attended a control seminar. Impact: Donating for the benefit of future generations is a theme that should be incorporated in messages that encourage biospecimen donation for Chinese Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-401
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Asian Americans
Confidence Intervals
Social Responsibility
Neoplasms
Nails
Hair
Urine
Saliva
Randomized Controlled Trials
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Research
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{e85f24df79e24470b868d34ee309c16c,
title = "Impact of a biospecimen collection seminar on willingness to donate biospecimens among chinese americans: Results from a randomized, controlled community-based trial",
abstract = "Background: Biospecimen collection from diverse populations can advance cancer disparities research, but is currently underrepresented. Methods: We partnered with a community-based clinic serving Cantonese-speaking Chinese Americans to develop and revise an educational seminar on biospecimen collection. Through a randomized controlled trial (n = 395), the intervention seminar was compared with a control seminar (cancer prevention) on change in willingness to donate biospecimens. Results: At baseline, many were willing to donate a biospecimen (saliva, urine, hair, toenails, blood, unused cancerous tissue) whether healthy or hypothetically had cancer. Also, many would donate because future generations would benefit, and few had concerns about donation. In logistic regression analyses, there was an intervention effect for willingness to donate: urine if had cancer [OR, 2.2; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI), 1.3-3.7], toenails if healthy (OR, 2.1; 95{\%} CI, 1.4-3.2) or had cancer (OR, 2.3; 95{\%} CI, 2.0-2.7), hair if healthy (OR, 1.8; 95{\%} CI, 1.3-2.5) or had cancer (OR, 2.8; 95{\%} CI, 1.9-4.0), and unused cancerous tissue (OR, 1.8; 95{\%} CI, 1.2-2.9). There was also an intervention effect for donating because future generations would benefit (OR, 2.0; 95{\%} CI, 1.4-3.0), and this attitude was a strong independent predictor for willingness to donate all biospecimens, whether healthy or had cancer (OR, 2.9-4.2). Conclusion: Cantonese-speaking Chinese American participants of an educational seminar on biospecimen collection showed greater increases in willingness to donate biospecimens and donating for the benefit of future generations, than participants who attended a control seminar. Impact: Donating for the benefit of future generations is a theme that should be incorporated in messages that encourage biospecimen donation for Chinese Americans.",
author = "Elisa Tong and Fung, {Lei Chun} and Stewart, {Susan L} and Paterniti, {Debora A} and Dang, {Julie H T} and Chen, {Moon S}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-13-0744",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "392--401",
journal = "Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention",
issn = "1055-9965",
publisher = "American Association for Cancer Research Inc.",
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T1 - Impact of a biospecimen collection seminar on willingness to donate biospecimens among chinese americans

T2 - Results from a randomized, controlled community-based trial

AU - Tong, Elisa

AU - Fung, Lei Chun

AU - Stewart, Susan L

AU - Paterniti, Debora A

AU - Dang, Julie H T

AU - Chen, Moon S

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: Biospecimen collection from diverse populations can advance cancer disparities research, but is currently underrepresented. Methods: We partnered with a community-based clinic serving Cantonese-speaking Chinese Americans to develop and revise an educational seminar on biospecimen collection. Through a randomized controlled trial (n = 395), the intervention seminar was compared with a control seminar (cancer prevention) on change in willingness to donate biospecimens. Results: At baseline, many were willing to donate a biospecimen (saliva, urine, hair, toenails, blood, unused cancerous tissue) whether healthy or hypothetically had cancer. Also, many would donate because future generations would benefit, and few had concerns about donation. In logistic regression analyses, there was an intervention effect for willingness to donate: urine if had cancer [OR, 2.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3-3.7], toenails if healthy (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.2) or had cancer (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 2.0-2.7), hair if healthy (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.5) or had cancer (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.9-4.0), and unused cancerous tissue (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.9). There was also an intervention effect for donating because future generations would benefit (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-3.0), and this attitude was a strong independent predictor for willingness to donate all biospecimens, whether healthy or had cancer (OR, 2.9-4.2). Conclusion: Cantonese-speaking Chinese American participants of an educational seminar on biospecimen collection showed greater increases in willingness to donate biospecimens and donating for the benefit of future generations, than participants who attended a control seminar. Impact: Donating for the benefit of future generations is a theme that should be incorporated in messages that encourage biospecimen donation for Chinese Americans.

AB - Background: Biospecimen collection from diverse populations can advance cancer disparities research, but is currently underrepresented. Methods: We partnered with a community-based clinic serving Cantonese-speaking Chinese Americans to develop and revise an educational seminar on biospecimen collection. Through a randomized controlled trial (n = 395), the intervention seminar was compared with a control seminar (cancer prevention) on change in willingness to donate biospecimens. Results: At baseline, many were willing to donate a biospecimen (saliva, urine, hair, toenails, blood, unused cancerous tissue) whether healthy or hypothetically had cancer. Also, many would donate because future generations would benefit, and few had concerns about donation. In logistic regression analyses, there was an intervention effect for willingness to donate: urine if had cancer [OR, 2.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3-3.7], toenails if healthy (OR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.4-3.2) or had cancer (OR, 2.3; 95% CI, 2.0-2.7), hair if healthy (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.3-2.5) or had cancer (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.9-4.0), and unused cancerous tissue (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.9). There was also an intervention effect for donating because future generations would benefit (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-3.0), and this attitude was a strong independent predictor for willingness to donate all biospecimens, whether healthy or had cancer (OR, 2.9-4.2). Conclusion: Cantonese-speaking Chinese American participants of an educational seminar on biospecimen collection showed greater increases in willingness to donate biospecimens and donating for the benefit of future generations, than participants who attended a control seminar. Impact: Donating for the benefit of future generations is a theme that should be incorporated in messages that encourage biospecimen donation for Chinese Americans.

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