Immunostaining reveals accumulation of serotonin and coexistence with tyrosine hydroxylase in hypothalamic neurons of acutely stalk-sectioned baboons

K. K. Thind, James E Boggan, T. Song, P. C. Goldsmith

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Abstract

The distribution of serotonin (5-HT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was examined in the hypothalamus of juvenile baboons, 24 h after infundibular stalk section. Simultaneous immunostaining for 5-HT with peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) and TH with 15 nm colloidal gold (IGS) was performed on Vibratome sections from 3 operated and 1 control female. Light microscopy revealed fine 5-HT immunopositive (5-HT+) fibers, presumably axons, in the suprachiasmatic nuclei and ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) after stalk section. In addition, focal accumulations of swollen and heavily stained 5-HT+ fibers occurred on the side of the surgical approach. Enlarged fibers were densest in the medial preoptic area, lateral and VMH areas, and the median eminence. TH immunoreactivity (TH+) in VMH cell bodies and axons was only slightly increased over that in controls. Electron microscopy of areas of 5-HT+ and TH+ overlap (medial VMH and adjacent periventricular zone) showed that 5-HT+ profiles were mostly unmyelinated axons and irregular varicosities. A few myelinated 5-HT+ axons were also observed. TH+ perikarya, dendrites, axons and terminals showed gold labeling characteristic for this enzyme. However, colocalization of 5-HT (PAP) and TH (IGS) was present in a number of fiber varicosities in experimental animals only. Both single- and double-labeled profiles occurred in individual thin sections, thus arguing against antibody cross-reactivity. These results indicate that: (1) hypothalamic 5-HT+ fibers project to the median eminence in primates; (2) 5-HT fibers become more obvious after stalk section due to accumulation of transmitter; (3) focal 5-HT+ immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus can increase dramatically after distant and mild surgical trauma, and (4) coexistence of 5-HT and TH in single neurons can appear after acute stalk section and/or trauma in experimental animals. These findings might represent uptake of exogenous 5-HT or amplified expression of endogenous neurotransmitter, suggesting that plasticity of transmitter phenotype might follow acute surgical and/or endocrine intervention in mature primate brain. Neuroendocrine studies employing the stalk-sectioned primate might thus be radically affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-145
Number of pages16
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume45
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1987

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Papio
Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
Serotonin
Neurons
Hypothalamus
Axons
Primates
Median Eminence
Peroxidase
Lateral Hypothalamic Area
Middle Hypothalamus
Gold Colloid
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Preoptic Area
Presynaptic Terminals
Wounds and Injuries
Pituitary Gland
Dendrites
Gold
Neurotransmitter Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Immunostaining reveals accumulation of serotonin and coexistence with tyrosine hydroxylase in hypothalamic neurons of acutely stalk-sectioned baboons. / Thind, K. K.; Boggan, James E; Song, T.; Goldsmith, P. C.

In: Neuroendocrinology, Vol. 45, No. 2, 1987, p. 130-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The distribution of serotonin (5-HT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was examined in the hypothalamus of juvenile baboons, 24 h after infundibular stalk section. Simultaneous immunostaining for 5-HT with peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) and TH with 15 nm colloidal gold (IGS) was performed on Vibratome sections from 3 operated and 1 control female. Light microscopy revealed fine 5-HT immunopositive (5-HT+) fibers, presumably axons, in the suprachiasmatic nuclei and ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) after stalk section. In addition, focal accumulations of swollen and heavily stained 5-HT+ fibers occurred on the side of the surgical approach. Enlarged fibers were densest in the medial preoptic area, lateral and VMH areas, and the median eminence. TH immunoreactivity (TH+) in VMH cell bodies and axons was only slightly increased over that in controls. Electron microscopy of areas of 5-HT+ and TH+ overlap (medial VMH and adjacent periventricular zone) showed that 5-HT+ profiles were mostly unmyelinated axons and irregular varicosities. A few myelinated 5-HT+ axons were also observed. TH+ perikarya, dendrites, axons and terminals showed gold labeling characteristic for this enzyme. However, colocalization of 5-HT (PAP) and TH (IGS) was present in a number of fiber varicosities in experimental animals only. Both single- and double-labeled profiles occurred in individual thin sections, thus arguing against antibody cross-reactivity. These results indicate that: (1) hypothalamic 5-HT+ fibers project to the median eminence in primates; (2) 5-HT fibers become more obvious after stalk section due to accumulation of transmitter; (3) focal 5-HT+ immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus can increase dramatically after distant and mild surgical trauma, and (4) coexistence of 5-HT and TH in single neurons can appear after acute stalk section and/or trauma in experimental animals. These findings might represent uptake of exogenous 5-HT or amplified expression of endogenous neurotransmitter, suggesting that plasticity of transmitter phenotype might follow acute surgical and/or endocrine intervention in mature primate brain. Neuroendocrine studies employing the stalk-sectioned primate might thus be radically affected.",
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N2 - The distribution of serotonin (5-HT) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was examined in the hypothalamus of juvenile baboons, 24 h after infundibular stalk section. Simultaneous immunostaining for 5-HT with peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) and TH with 15 nm colloidal gold (IGS) was performed on Vibratome sections from 3 operated and 1 control female. Light microscopy revealed fine 5-HT immunopositive (5-HT+) fibers, presumably axons, in the suprachiasmatic nuclei and ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) after stalk section. In addition, focal accumulations of swollen and heavily stained 5-HT+ fibers occurred on the side of the surgical approach. Enlarged fibers were densest in the medial preoptic area, lateral and VMH areas, and the median eminence. TH immunoreactivity (TH+) in VMH cell bodies and axons was only slightly increased over that in controls. Electron microscopy of areas of 5-HT+ and TH+ overlap (medial VMH and adjacent periventricular zone) showed that 5-HT+ profiles were mostly unmyelinated axons and irregular varicosities. A few myelinated 5-HT+ axons were also observed. TH+ perikarya, dendrites, axons and terminals showed gold labeling characteristic for this enzyme. However, colocalization of 5-HT (PAP) and TH (IGS) was present in a number of fiber varicosities in experimental animals only. Both single- and double-labeled profiles occurred in individual thin sections, thus arguing against antibody cross-reactivity. These results indicate that: (1) hypothalamic 5-HT+ fibers project to the median eminence in primates; (2) 5-HT fibers become more obvious after stalk section due to accumulation of transmitter; (3) focal 5-HT+ immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus can increase dramatically after distant and mild surgical trauma, and (4) coexistence of 5-HT and TH in single neurons can appear after acute stalk section and/or trauma in experimental animals. These findings might represent uptake of exogenous 5-HT or amplified expression of endogenous neurotransmitter, suggesting that plasticity of transmitter phenotype might follow acute surgical and/or endocrine intervention in mature primate brain. Neuroendocrine studies employing the stalk-sectioned primate might thus be radically affected.

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