Immunopathogenic pathways in canine inflammatory myopathies resemble human myositis

G. Diane Shelton, Eric P. Hoffman, Svetlana Ghimbovschi, Iain R. Peters, Michael J. Day, Marissa Mullins, Peter F Moore, Kanneboyina Nagaraju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Progress in the treatment of inflammatory myopathies is impeded by the lack of suitable animal models. Inflammatory myopathies occur spontaneously in the dog, are a heterogeneous group of disorders, and are more common than in humans. Clinical signs of weakness and muscle atrophy are reliably present, and there are histological and immunohistological similarities to forms of human myositis. In this study, microarray technology followed by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry on muscle biopsy sections was used to investigate gene expression in cases of canine inflammatory myopathies. Several genes involved with innate and adaptive immunity were highly upregulated including those that participate in macrophage and dendritic cell activation and migration, and antigen processing and presentation. Other genes including those that participate in B cell growth, development, migration and activation, immunoglobulin genes, genes in pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways, and genes involved with tissue remodeling were upregulated. In previous reports utilizing microarray technology in human myositis, there was activation of similar pathways involved in the immune response. This study strengthens the argument that forms of canine myositis may be important animal models of human myositis and suggests useful biomarkers for therapeutic response using the dog in pre-clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-214
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Sep 15 2006


  • Autoimmunity
  • Dog
  • Gene expression
  • Inflammation
  • Muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)


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